By Gail P. Kelly, Sheila S. Slaughter (auth.), Gail P. Kelly, Sheila Slaughter (eds.)

ISBN-10: 940105696X

ISBN-13: 9789401056960

ISBN-10: 9401138168

ISBN-13: 9789401138161

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A 31 year old woman was motivated in obtaining higher education because she did not wish to work in a factory: By the time I was 24, I had experienced all kinds of hardship. I did not want the rest of my life to be tied to a little factory. All the women I interviewed were proud of the fact that they went to university by virtue of their individual determination and hard work. Urban residence. Women who received higher education in China tend to be from urban areas. This is to be expected. Most universities are located in cities and urban dwellers have greater educational opportunities at the primary and secondary levels.

Many Chinese cities in eastern China were besieged and universities were moved to the interior to the provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan. Data on higher education in the 1930s and 1940s are scattered. Provincial data suggest that women's enrollment increased. In 1934, of 567 students in higher education in Guangxi province, 86 (or 15 percent) were female (Guangxi, 1936: 3). In 1940 there were 4,839 students in higher education in Guangdong province, of whom 767 (or 16 percent) were female (Guangdong, 1943: 86).

Although the patterns of girls' enrollments relative to boys' in teknikums are similar in terms of total enrollment, their representation in the different types of teknikums varies. (Table 1) Teknikum enrollment figures for girls were determined by computing the percentage of total reported enrollments that were girls. Each enrollment figure was then compared to the Average Annual Number of Women Workers and Employees for each year and graphed as an index showing girls' enrollment in teknikums compared to labor force participation for the years 1960 to 1985.

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Women’s Higher Education in Comparative Perspective by Gail P. Kelly, Sheila S. Slaughter (auth.), Gail P. Kelly, Sheila Slaughter (eds.)

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