By Janet Hunter
Throughout the interval of industrialisation in Japan from the 1870s to the Nineteen Thirties, the fabric used to be Japan's greatest production undefined, and the country's significant resource of export gains. It had a predominantly girl labour strength, drawn mostly from the rural population.This ebook examines the associations of the labour marketplace of this severe in this very important interval for jap fiscal improvement. in response to broad unique study, the publication offers a wealth of aspect, displaying among different issues the complexity of the labour industry, the interdependence of the rural and production sectors, and the significance of gender. It argues that the labour industry associations which built during this interval had a profound impact at the labour marketplace and labour family within the postwar years.
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Extra info for Women and the Labour Market in Japan's Industrialising Economy: The Textile Industry before the Pacific War
Like his non-Marxist predecessors, he took the view that poor working conditions and low wages in industry (what were articulated as semi-servile (hanreidöteki) relations of production) were the result of this semi-feudal agrarian base. The very high ‘feudal’ rents left farming families hardly able to subsist, generating an almost unlimited supply of low wage labour for industry. 29 Yamada’s critics in the Rönö faction questioned some of his evidence, disagreed with his interpretation, and ridiculed some of his terminology, but did not substantially disagree with his assumption that low industrial wages and poor working conditions in industry were structurally dependent on circumstances in Japan’s agricultural sector.
67. 30 Discussion of some of this historiography, including summaries of some of the major works, can be found in M. Sumiya and K. Taira (eds), An Outline of Japanese Economic History 1603–1940: Major Works and Research Findings (Tokyo: Tokyo University Press, 1979), esp. ch. 19. 31 G. Fujita, Nihon Kindai Sangyö no Seisei (Tokyo: Nihon Hyöronsha, 1948). 32 The term dekasegi means ‘migration for the purposes of work, working away from home’, and normally refers to the circumstance of leaving home for employment on a temporary (short-term or long-term) basis.
W. Davies, M. G. Wheatcroft, The Economic Transformation of the Soviet Union, 1913–1945 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), p. 302. 3 A more positive interpretation of Tokugawa developments has gone a long way toward undermining the view of a prewar Japanese ‘miracle’. Moreover, the manufacturing growth that took place during the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries was far from being confined to the large-scale, mechanised factory sector. 4 Such growth was a key factor in capital accumulation in the transitional period before the First World War.
Women and the Labour Market in Japan's Industrialising Economy: The Textile Industry before the Pacific War by Janet Hunter