By Jean-Paul Sartre

ISBN-10: 0415320690

ISBN-13: 9780415320696

First released in France in 1936 as a magazine article, The Transcendence of the Ego used to be one in all Jean-Paul Sartre's earliest philosophical courses. while it seemed, Sartre was once nonetheless principally unknown, operating as a college instructor in provincial France and suffering to discover a writer for his most famed fictional paintings, Nausea.

The Transcendence of the Ego is the end result of Sartre's extreme engagement with the philosophy of Edmund Husserl, the founding father of phenomenology. the following, as in lots of next writings, Sartre embraces Husserl's imaginative and prescient of phenomenology because the right process for philosophy. yet he argues that Husserl's notion of the self as an internal entity, 'behind' wakeful event is unsuitable and phenomenologically unfounded.

The Transcendence of the Ego bargains an excellent prognosis of the place Husserl went flawed, and an intensive replacement account of the self as a manufactured from attention, located within the world.

This essay introduces the various subject matters imperative to Sartre's significant paintings, Being and Nothingness: the character of awareness, the matter of self-knowledge, different minds, pain. It demonstrates their presence and significance in Sartre's considering from the very outset of his career.

This clean translation makes this vintage paintings to be had back to scholars of Sartre, phenomenology, existentialism, and 20th century philosophy. It contains a thorough and illuminating advent by way of Sarah Richmond, putting Sartre's essay in its philosophical and ancient context.

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Additional resources for Transcendence of the Ego: A Sketch for a Phenomenological Description

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Just as the datum of individual or experiencing intuition is an individual object, so the datum of eidetic intuition is a pure essence…. Seeing an essence is also precisely intuition, just as an eidetic object is precisely an object’ (Ideos, I, section I, ch. 1, ‘Matter of fact and essence’, §3, p. 9) The epochē, the phenomenological reduction, is the bracketing of the natural attitude, always imbued as it is with a spontaneous realism. Sartre thus, following Husserl, also designates this natural consciousness by the expression ‘intramundane consciousness’.

67 And all those who have tried to know themselves will agree that this attempt at introspection appears, right from the start, as an effort to reconstitute, with detached pieces, with isolated fragments, what is originally given all at once, in a single surge. Thus the intuition of the Ego is a perpetually deceptive mirage, since, at one and the same time, it yields everything and it yields nothing. And how, indeed, could it be otherwise, since the Ego is not the real totality of consciousnesses (this totality would be selfcontradictory, like any infinite totality actualized), but the ideal unity of all states and actions.

I, General 32 NOTES b 7 8 9 10 11 12 Introduction to a Pure Phenomenology, trans. ], §43, p. 93. Husserl also says that the thing is given to us ‘in flesh and blood’, or on other occasions ‘originally’, ‘in an original form’. Husserl would say: a science of essences. But for the point of view which we are adopting, this comes to the same thing. Aְ‘de facto science’ and a ‘science of essences’, or else ‘eidetic science’: these expressions here come to the same thing. Indeed, Sartre is not at this point referring to the contrast—essential though it be— between empirical fact and essence, but to the more general contrast between de facto and de jure problems.

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Transcendence of the Ego: A Sketch for a Phenomenological Description by Jean-Paul Sartre


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