By H. Zaidi, G Sgouros

ISBN-10: 0750308168

ISBN-13: 9780750308168

Healing functions of Monte Carlo Calculations in Nuclear drugs examines the purposes of Monte Carlo (MC) calculations in healing nuclear drugs, from easy ideas to laptop implementations of software program applications and their functions in radiation dosimetry and remedy making plans. With chapters written through famous gurus within the box, the ebook covers the full variety of MC purposes in healing clinical and well-being physics, from its use in imaging ahead of remedy to dose distribution modeling in particular radiotherapy. The individuals talk about the elemental strategies of radiation dosimetry, radiobiological points of particular radionuclide remedy, and many of the elements and steps required for imposing a dose calculation and remedy making plans method in radioimmunotherapy. numerous machine courses, akin to MIRDOSE, MABDOS, and 3D-ID, are defined and illustrated with a few worthy beneficial properties and medical functions. different power functions of MC ideas are mentioned including computing elements of radiation delivery calculations.The ebook is written for nuclear medication physicists and physicians in addition to radiation oncologists, and will function a supplementary textual content for scientific imaging, radiation dosimetry, and nuclear engineering graduate classes in technology, scientific, and engineering associations.

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Extra resources for Therapeutic Applications of Monte Carlo Calculations in Nuclear Medicine (Series in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering)

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38 15–22 [61] Kawrakow I 2000 Accurate condensed history Monte Carlo simulation of electron transport. I. EGSnrc, the new EGS4 version Med. Phys. 27 485–98 [62] ICRU 1984 ‘Stopping powers for electrons and positrons’ Report 37 (International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements) [63] ICRU 1993 ‘Stopping powers and ranges for protons and alpha particles’ Report 49 (International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements) [64] Berger M J 1993 ‘ESTAR, PSTAR, and ASTAR: computer programs for calculating stopping-power and range tables for electrons, protons, and helium ions’ NIST Report NISTIR 4999 (National Institute of Standards and Technology) [65] Berger M J, Seltzer S M, Domen S R and Lamperti P J 1975 Stopping-power ratios for electron dosimetry with ionization chambers.

Monte Carlo simulations have been shown to be very useful for validation and comparative evaluation of image reconstruction techniques. 3. (a) Comparison between measured and simulated single-energy spectra and (b) measured and simulated scatter fractions for the ECAT 953B PET scanner. Reprinted from [31] # 1996 IEEE, with permission. 35 36 Monte Carlo techniques in nuclear medicine dosimetry Smith et al. [38] used Monte Carlo modelling to study photon detection kernels, which characterize the probabilities that photons emitted by radioisotopes in different parts of the source region will be detected at particular projection pixels of the projection images for the case of parallel-hole collimators.

The method consists in the following steps: Ð max 0 (i) Normalize hðxÞ producing h0 ðxÞ such that xxmin h ðxÞ dx ¼ 1. 0 (ii) Normalize gðxÞ producing g ðxÞ such that g0 ðxÞ 1 for x in [xmin ; xmax ]. (iii) Use the direct method to select an x using h0 ðxÞ as the pdf. , choose a random number R; if g0 ðxÞ R, accept x, otherwise go back to step (iii). 6. The Monte Carlo method: theory and computational issues NON-ANALOGUE SAMPLING ‘VARIANCE REDUCTION’ A direct Monte Carlo simulation using true probability functions may require an unacceptably long time to produce statistically relevant results.

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Therapeutic Applications of Monte Carlo Calculations in Nuclear Medicine (Series in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering) by H. Zaidi, G Sgouros

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