By Lester W. Grau, Michael A. Gress

ISBN-10: 0700611851

ISBN-13: 9780700611850

The battle in Afghanistan (1979-1989) has been known as "the Soviet Union's Vietnam War," a clash that pitted Soviet regulars opposed to a relentless, elusive, and finally unbeatable Afghan guerrilla strength (the mujahideen). The hit-and-run bloodletting around the war's decade tallied extra than 25,000 lifeless Soviet infantrymen plus an outstanding many extra casualties and extra demoralized a USSR at the verge of disintegration.

In The Soviet-Afghan War the Russian common employees takes a detailed serious examine the Soviet military's disappointing functionality in that warfare in an attempt to raised comprehend what occurred and why and what classes might be taken from it. Lester Grau and Michael Gress's professional English translation of the final staff's research deals the first actual ebook in any language of this very important and illuminating paintings.

Surprisingly, this was once a learn the final employees by no means meant to jot down, firstly viewing the conflict in Afghanistan as a gloomy aberration in Russian army background. The historical past of the Nineteen Nineties has, after all, thoroughly demolished that trust, as evidenced by way of the Russian Army's next engagements with guerrilla forces in Chechnya, Azerbaijan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, and somewhere else. hence, Russian officials made up our minds to take a miles nearer examine the purple Army's reports within the Afghan battle.

Their examine provides the Russian view of ways the struggle all started, the way it advanced, and the way it ended; indicates how a contemporary mechanized military geared up and carried out a counter-guerrilla struggle; chronicles the most important battles and operations; and offers precious insights into Soviet strategies, approach, doctrine, and association throughout a big selection of army branches. The editors' incisive preface and statement support contextualize the Russian view and alert the reader to blind spots within the normal staff's pondering the struggle.

This extraordinary rfile presents a strong case learn on how another glossy mechanized military imprudently relied upon the fake promise of expertise to defeat a made up our minds guerrilla foe. The pink military had fought their warfare to a army draw yet that used to be no longer sufficient to stave off political defeat at domestic.

This booklet is a part of the Modern battle Studies sequence.

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Extra resources for The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost

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They provided the enemy secrecy and surprise. This factor was not studied. Second, the battalion column only had security to the front and was moving on a single axis. This made maneuver very difficult. If there is a possibility to move on two roads, with flank security, this may force the enemy to abandon his ambush. " At this time, the inadequacies of heavy military equipment, which had limited application in mountainous terrain, became apparent. 18 Contemporary high-precision jet aircraft were unable to support ground forces effectively with air strikes.

The strength of the armed opposition grew. Thus, in 1981 to 1983, the number of armed combatants who were members of Afghan Mujahideen groups was estimated at some 45,000 personnel. By 1985, this number grew to 150,000. They controlled all the main agricultural areas of the country. 20 The Soviet-Afghan forces controlled the cities and the main road network linking the cities. The Mujahideen's armed resistance continually grew in scale and intensity. Most often their strong formations of semi-regular forces conducted maneuver offensives and defensive battles.

However, the presence of Soviet Central Asians had the opposite effect. 19 The appearance of Uzbeks, Tadjiks, and Turkmens served as the final irritant, which the counter-revolutionary agitators and propagandists exploited. The strength of the armed opposition grew. Thus, in 1981 to 1983, the number of armed combatants who were members of Afghan Mujahideen groups was estimated at some 45,000 personnel. By 1985, this number grew to 150,000. They controlled all the main agricultural areas of the country.

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The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost by Lester W. Grau, Michael A. Gress


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