By John Barresi, Raymond Martin
This ebook strains the improvement of theories of the self and private identification from the traditional Greeks to the current day. From Plato and Aristotle to Freud and Foucault, Raymond Martin and John Barresi discover the works of a variety of thinkers and display the bigger highbrow traits, controversies, and ideas that experience revolutionized the way in which we predict approximately ourselves.
The authors open with old Greece, the place the guidelines of Plato, Aristotle, and the materialistic atomists laid the basis for destiny theories. They then talk about the tips of the church fathers and medieval and Renaissance philosophers, together with St. Paul, Philo, Augustine, Aquinas, and Montaigne. of their insurance of the emergence of a brand new mechanistic perception of nature within the 17th century, Martin and Barresi be aware a shift clear of spiritual and in basic terms philosophical notions of self and private identification to extra clinical and social conceptions, a development that has persisted to the current day. They discover sleek philosophy and psychology, together with the origins of other traditions inside of each one self-discipline, and clarify either the theoretical relevance of feminism and gender and ethnic reviews and in addition the ways in which Derrida and different fresh thinkers have challenged the very concept that a unified self or own identification even exists.
Martin and Barresi hide a few matters broached via philosophers and psychologists, corresponding to the life of a hard and fast and unchanging self and even if the idea that of the soul has a use open air of non secular contexts. They tackle the query of even if notions of the soul and the self are nonetheless possible in today's international. jointly, they demonstrate the interesting ways that nice thinkers have grappled with those and different questions and the astonishing impression their rules have had at the improvement of self-understanding within the west.
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Extra resources for The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity
2000). tected or sacred values Morality and ethics Ethical or moral considerations also play an important role in risk evaluation (Böhm & Pfister, 2000; Pfister & Böhm, 2001). They essentially imply adherence to principles concerning which behaviours are morally right or wrong. Moral philosophy usually contrasts consequentialist and deontological principles. The distinctive idea of deontological principles is that the focus is on the inherent rightness or wrongness of the act per se. Deontological principles refer to morally mandated actions or prohibitions, such as the duty to keep promises or the duty to not harm nature, irrespective of the consequences.
1. Questionnaire studies Questionnaire studies aim to describe behaviours and to gather people’s perceptions, opinions, attitudes and beliefs about different issues. They are also widely used to establish relationships between two or more variables. For example, by asking people how often they engage in littering and how satisfied they are with the amount of garbage bins in their neighbourhood a relationship can be established between both variables. e. confound) has caused the relationship. g.
G. g. g. sadness). Reprinted from Böhm, G. (2003), Emotional reactions to environmental risks: consequentialist versus ethical evaluation. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23, 199–212, with permission of Elsevier. Chapter 8). g. earthquakes) are generally weaker than those to hazards that are caused by humans. 6 SUMMARY Examining how people perceive environmental hazards and technologies is crucial for understanding their reactions to particular risks. The aim of this chapter was to give an overview of prominent factors that are proposed in research and theory to 24 ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION determine environmental risk perception.
The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity by John Barresi, Raymond Martin