By Robert S. Westman (auth.), Jerzy Dobrzycki (eds.)
In 1965 the overseas Union of the background and Philosophy of technological know-how based the Nicolas Copernicus Committee whose major activity was once to discover the capability via th which diversified international locations may perhaps co-operate in celebrating the five centenary of the nice scholar's start. The committee initiated the e-book of a suite of reports facing the influence that Copernicus' thought has had on clinical advancements in centres of studying around the world. an article Board, together with J. Dobrzycki (Warsaw), J. R. Ravetz (Leeds), H. Sandblad (Goteborg) and B. sticky label (Hamburg), used to be nominated. We discovered that our initiative aroused a full of life curiosity between Copernicus students; the current quantity, with eleven articles through authors from 9 American, Asian and eu nations, includes the results of their study. it seems that within the sequence 'Studia Coper nicana' by way of contract with the Polish Academy of technological know-how, and we are hoping to submit a few different contributions in a next quantity. we're chuffed to claim that our efforts were fruitful and that this quantity offers not just a number of in-depth reports, but in addition a extra normal survey of the principles governing the evolution of technological know-how, ideas set in the framework of Copernicus' conception because it constructed between a number of countries and in quite a few medical associations over the centuries. it's been proven once more that, 500 years after his start, the paintings of Copernicus continues to be a resource of clinical curiosity and keeps to stimulate clean examine and research.
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Additional resources for The Reception of Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory: Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the Nicolas Copernicus Committee of the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science Toruń, Poland 1973
Mars was therefore, especially in the year 1582, observed very carefully and at great expense by means of different astronomical instruments which made it possible to establish stellar positions accurate to 0;0,15°. Numerous observations of this kind were performed when Mars was rising or setting or when it passed the meridian, and they showed the parallax of Mars to be greater than that of the Sun. Hence Mars really had to be situated nearer to the Earth than the Sun. Moreover Tycho found the daily rate of the retrograde motion of Mars to be greater than it ought to be according to Ptolemy and the Alphonsines, but in better agreement with the Copernican parameters.
I shall, accordingly, confine myself to bring only scattered details of the development of Tychonian astronomy to the extent I have thought them important in relation to my main theme. You cannot give a satisfactory description of how Tycho, the founder of modern observational astronomy, was influenced by Copernicus without touching on problems of observation and numerical calculation. Everywhere in Tycho's books, letters, and diaries of observation one finds comparisons with Copernican or Prutenic numerical values abundantly spread in the form of inserted remarks, parallel computations or summarizing tables.
199-200], and finally a letter of 1590 December 1st to Johs. Ant. Magini. In the last-mentioned letter Tycho promises explicitly to disprove the triple motion of the Earth by irrefutable arguments, not only theologically and physically but also mathematically, although Copernicus had hoped that his system had been adequate and irreprehensible to mathematicians. [19: VII. 294-295]. The most complete account of Tycho's proof is found in the said letter to Peucer. To some German astronomers Henric Rantzov had distributed delineations of the new Tychonian world system, which had caused Peucer to put some questions.
The Reception of Copernicus’ Heliocentric Theory: Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the Nicolas Copernicus Committee of the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science Toruń, Poland 1973 by Robert S. Westman (auth.), Jerzy Dobrzycki (eds.)