By Carl J. Richard
In a masterful examine Carl Richard explores how the Greek and Roman classics grew to become enshrined in American antebellum tradition. For the 1st time, wisdom of the classics prolonged past aristocratic men to the center type, girls, African american citizens, and frontier settlers. The classics formed how american citizens interpreted advancements round them. the instance of Athens allowed politicians of the democratic age to espouse classical wisdom with no seeming elitist. the commercial Revolution produced a backlash opposed to utilitarianism that founded at the classics. Plato and different ancients had a profound impact at the American romantics who created the 1st nationwide literature, and pious Christians in an age of non secular fervor controlled to reconcile their religion with the literature of a pagan tradition. The classics provided each side of the slavery debate with their leader rhetorical instruments: the Aristotelian protection of slavery to Southern slaveholders and the idea that of common legislation to the Northern abolitionists. The Civil conflict resulted in an intensive alteration of the tutorial procedure in a manner that gradually eroded the preeminence of the classics. they'd by no means regain the profound impression they held within the antebellum period. (20091218)
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Extra resources for The Golden Age of the Classics in America: Greece, Rome, and the Antebellum United States
30–31), of Solon’s voyage to the wealthy kingdom of Lydia in Asia Minor. ”56 The Golden Age of the Classics in America p 30 Other Families While the Adamses were unusually accomplished, their devotion to the classics was not uncommon. Convinced, like their fathers before them, that the classics were essential to both moral and political education, antebellum leaders of all political parties and sections of the United States urged the youth to apply themselves diligently to their classical studies.
64 Neoclassical structures graced most American towns. Antebellum architects built upon the neoclassical foundation laid by Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Latrobe, and other eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century architects. ” But, unlike Jefferson, antebellum architects preferred Greek to Roman models. Robert Mills, the ﬁrst native-born professional architect, wrote concerning the Greek Revival: “It was fortunate that this style was so early introduced into our country, both on the ground of economy and of correct taste, and it exactly suited the character of our political institutions, and The Golden Age of the Classics in America p 34 pecuniary means.
46 Whether or not John Quincy’s classical reading impeded his reelection campaign, it is certain that his defeat allowed him to spend even more time studying the classics. Believing that Andrew Jackson’s election presaged the decline of the American republic, John Quincy immediately began reading Cicero’s Philippics against Mark Antony, as well as Plutarch’s lives of Cicero, Antony, and Brutus, all chronicles of the fall of the Roman republic. He claimed that among the “ﬁne sentiments” in the eleventh Philippic was: “It is the duty of a wise man to premeditate everything that can happen to him; to bear it with fortitude.
The Golden Age of the Classics in America: Greece, Rome, and the Antebellum United States by Carl J. Richard