By Margaret Barker

ISBN-10: 0281045100

ISBN-13: 9780281045105

During this booklet, first released in 1991, the prolific and leading edge British biblical student Margaret Barker units out to discover the origins and the afterlife of traditions concerning the Temple in Judaism. utilizing proof from the deutero-canonical and pseudepigraphic texts, Qumran and rabbinic fabric, in addition to early Christian texts and liturgies, she advances a number of radical and suggestive theories, together with the next: 1. Apocalyptic writing was once the temple culture. 2. Temple structures have been aligned to set up a sun calendar, hence explaining the astronomical texts integrated in 1 Enoch three. The temple symbolism of priest and sanctuary antedated the Eden tales of Genesis. four. The temple constructions depicted heaven and earth separated by way of a veil of created topic. five. The throne visions, the foundation of the later Merkavah mysticism, originated as excessive priestly sanctuary reports, first attested in Isaiah yet originating within the royal cult while king figures handed past the temple veil from earth into heaven, from immortality to the resurrected kingdom, after which lower back.

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2) but the Third Isaiah saw a judgement yet to come (Isa. 6). __ 62 '\; :r;: � ·:.. ,.. , .. r:r � ":t �:�- THE GATE OF HEAVEN dimension, the beyond which is perpetually present, underlies both the symbolism and myth of the temple, and the actions of the priests in appropriating the stability of the eternal dimension for the benefit of their people. The mediators who passed between the two worlds were vital to the cult. The temple was the centre, the key point of both space and time; it was the holiest place on earth.

Life, 417-18) In 1952 archaeologists found at Qumran a copper scroll (3015). It was in a poor state, but, when it was eventually unrolled, proved to be a list of sixty-four hiding places in Jerusalem and elsewhere in which gold, silver, spices, scrolls, etc. were buried. normous sums are described; one estimate is that over three there that has·not transgressed thy covenant? And now I see that the coming :Age shall bring delight to few, but torment unto many. For the evil heart has grown up in us, which has estranged r Mysteries surround the ultimate fate of the treasures from the temple.

Daniel's vision of the one like a son of firmament which the creator had established and continued to man (Dan. maintain for his people. 7) was a vision based upon the ancient rituals of enthronement. �� i�. :;; �5 :�r :�:... ,:::- I! I I� 68 i THE GARDEN THE GATE OF HEAVEN 69 placed to guard the gate. There is nothing to suggest in this The Temple as account that they had been driven from a temple. Descriptions of Eden The hekal was decorated with golden trees and flowers; it was r.... jewelled like Ezekiel's garden of God, and when the Paradise ":o�· theme occurs in the Old Testament, it must not be separated ;5;: from the temple with which it was synonymous.

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The Gate of Heaven: History and Symbolism of the Temple in Jerusalem by Margaret Barker


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