By Ardis Butterfield

ISBN-10: 0199574863

ISBN-13: 9780199574865

Лингвистические, литературные, и культурные наследия Англии и Франции , во времена столетней войны, многоязычная культурная география средневековой Европы.В течение этой войны, два народа глубоко переплелись , таким образом , что современное понимание , что английский язык,в четырнадцатом столетии, не могло быть отделено от французского языка, и это имеет далеко идущие значениядля нашего понимания английского языка и англичан, и французского языка и французов. The prevalent Enemy re-examines the linguistic, literary, and cultural identities of britain and France in the context of the Hundred Years warfare. in this warfare, profoundly intertwined peoples built complicated techniques for expressing their aggressively intimate courting. This targeted connection among the English and the French has continued into the fashionable interval as a version for Western nationhood. Ardis Butterfield reassesses the concept that of state during this interval via a wide-ranging dialogue of writing produced in conflict, truce, or exile from the 13th to the 15th century, concluding with reflections at the retrospective perspectives of this clash created through the pains of Jeanne dArc and through Shakespeares Henry V. She considers authors writing in French, Anglo-Norman, English, and the comedian culture of Anglo-French jargon, together with Machaut, Deschamps, Froissart, Chaucer, Gower, Charles dOrl#ans, in addition to many lesser-known or nameless works. frequently Chaucer has been noticeable as a quintessentially English writer. This ebook argues that he has to be resituated in the deeply francophone context, not just of britain however the wider multilingual cultural geography of medieval Europe. It hence means that a latest realizing of what English may need intended within the fourteenth century can't be separated from French, and that this has far-reaching implications either for our realizing of English and the English, and of French and the French.

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54 M. Vale, English Gascony 1399–1453: A Study of War, Government and Politics during the later stages of the Hundred Years’ War (London: Oxford University Press, 1970). Pre-nation and Post-nation 21 ‘French’. The Gascons felt no more ‘French’ than they felt ‘Norman’ or ‘Burgundian’. If on the French side of nationhood we need to consider the fluidity of territorial acquisition and loss on the continent, on the English side we need to take account of the relations between England and the rest of the peoples of Britain, the Scots, Irish, and Welsh.

Yet Wace and Hugo were deliberately chosen as a prologue to Chaucer in order to create a slight sense of displacement. We have been comfortable for so long with an idea of Chaucer as English that the question of whether Englishness was an idea that he was interested in or even conversant with has scarcely been raised. Indeed, rather than question his Englishness, the tide has turned even further towards an interest in the rise of English vernacularity, and to new ways of explaining its ‘colossal rise .

My own work, while not seeking to demur from Trotter’s choice of evidence, nonetheless hopes to argue that the literary material can also provide insight into such norms. Pre-nation and Post-nation 17 account of the creative tensions between insular and continental writers, in French as well as English, opens up new avenues for appreciating the inventiveness of the English vernaculars. MULTILINGUALISM AND THE WAR War and its histories War is an overwhelmingly important context for investigating the relationship between ‘English’ and ‘French’ throughout the later Middle Ages.

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The Familiar Enemy: Chaucer, Language, and Nation in the Hundred Years War by Ardis Butterfield


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