By Uri Gabbay

ISBN-10: 9004323465

ISBN-13: 9789004323469

Within the Exegetical Terminology of Akkadian Commentaries Uri Gabbay deals the 1st precise examine of the well-developed set of technical phrases present in historical Mesopotamian commentaries. knowing the hermeneutical functionality of those phrases is key for reconstructing the traditional Mesopotamian exegetical culture. utilizing the exegetical terminology attested within the huge corpus of Akkadian commentaries from the 1st millennium BCE, the e-book addresses the hermeneutics of the commentaries, investigates the scholastic atmosphere during which they have been composed, and considers the connection among the terminology of commentaries and the divine authority of the texts they elucidate. The ebook concludes with a comparative research that lines hyperlinks among the terminology utilized in Akkadian commentaries and that utilized in early Hebrew exegesis.

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14; CT 41, 34 (Labat 1933, no. 8):2, 4, 12, 14, 15, 21; cf. perhaps also Linssen 2004, 318, B:21. 1 below. 76 C T 41, 28 (Labat 1933, no. 3):9: ul ur-ru-uq; CT 41, 29 (Labat 1933, no. 4):17: ul mur-ru-uq; CT 41, 33 (Labat 1933, no. 7: ul mur-ru-[uq]; see Lambert 1960, 306. 77 C AD M/II, 222–223. 78 C AD M/II, 220a; Lambert 1960, 306; Oshima 2013, 35. 79 See Lambert 1960, 306. 80 In CT 41, 28:9 (Labat 1933, no. 3) the phrase ˹mìm˺-ma ul ú-kal-lam seems to be part of the commentary (and not a scribal notation about a text not being explained or “revealed,” kullumu, since the present form would not be expected in that case).

The next entry in the same extispicy commentary also uses the particle mā, as well as the interrogative ammīni, but without the “narrator’s” indication of who is speaking (although it is obvious from the previous entry). Unfortunately, the entry is not well preserved, but nevertheless it is still worth citing:101 100 This may not be as far-fetched as it seems. The “finger” may be connected to the somewhat loose part of the top of the processus caudatus, whose top curves downwards when the liver is positioned for extispicy, just as it does in a living sheep, while all the other parts of the liver point the other way.

As seen above, the “questioning” that forms part of the lesson involves one (senior) scholar asking another (young) scholar about the text, and not a scholar asking the text a question. Thus, a few commentaries contain interrogatives, reflecting these questions, and some Neo-Assyrian commentaries contain the particle mā, denoting direct or reported speech. TA IGI-al ina an-ni-e šá 15 SIG5 šá 150 NU SIG5 If your master-scholar asks you: “— a ‘weapon’ of the right points up—unfavorable; a weapon of the left points up—favorable; “— (so) a ‘weapon’ placed on the top of the right plain of the ‘finger’ (that) points up, “— Why did it turn favorable?

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The Exegetical Terminology of Akkadian Commentaries by Uri Gabbay

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