By Jindrich Kazda (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0792361970

ISBN-13: 9780792361978

ISBN-10: 9401141029

ISBN-13: 9789401141024

Detailed details facing the ecology of mycobacteria is derived from a number of diverse clinical fields corresponding to botany, biochemistry, genetics, immunology, microbiology and epidemiology. this is often the 1st try to overview this data from an ecological standpoint and to strengthen a technique for the prevention of tuberculosis and different mycobacterioses according to the ecological habit of mycobacteria, specifically the doubtless pathogenic species able to both development within the surroundings or frightening illness. in regards to the pursuits of the constructing nations, certain consciousness is paid to the ecology of Mycobacterium leprae and to the aiding impact of accompanying mycobacteria in its pathogenicity.
On a extra optimistic facet, environmental mycobacteria play a major function within the ecology of moorland dragonflies.
any such e-book is required for experts operating within the box of mycobacterial learn, medical laboratories, the general public wellbeing and fitness provider, nutrition hygiene, the water and more often than not ecology.

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Example text

The National Leprosy Registry o f Norway documented those farms where leprosy patients were living and even now deserted houses with a water supply from that time can be found (Fig. 1). Several expeditions were carried out throughout coastal Norway including the Naustdal health district, formerly with the highest leprosy prevalence and incidence rates (Irgens, 1980). To test o f whether sphagnum moss vegetation could represent conditions relevant to the occurrence of leprosy in man, leprosy status of farms were compared with seven environmental variables.

By contrast, when grass was abundant in the summer the level o f contamination was reduced from l05 to 1 03 AFB in l g o f faeces (Cooney et al. 1997). The interaction between animals and mycobacteria depends on the number o f mycobacteria digested. Apparently, a low contamination of fodder does not provoke the delayed type reaction to tuberculins. If the conditions in the environment enable slowly growing mycobacteria to thrive however, the concentrations can reach a level capable of inducing non-specific reactions to tuberculins.

Few experiments have been performed until now in which the possible effect o f a mixed infection with pathogenic and environmental, non pathogenic mycobacteria has been studied. In a previous examination, M. intracellulare serotype 19 was found together with M. leprae in a soil sample collected in the leprosy endemic area in Bombay. In a further experiment, both mycobacterial species were inoculated simultaneously into footpads of nude mice. Other nude mice were infected with M. leprae and M. intracellulare serotype 19 separately as controls (Kazda et al.

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The Ecology of Mycobacteria by Jindrich Kazda (auth.)

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