By Jeremy Black
Contemporary debates approximately British political and armed forces concepts, derived specifically from dissension approximately Britain’s dating with Europe and from war of words over the Iraq battle, has resulted in a better know-how of the tricky nature of the concept that of ‘national interests’. This significant new paintings offers a protracted view of this factor, its dual strands are captured via an review either one of the Continental dedication and British interventionism within the 18th Century. the level to which Britain’s upward thrust to superpower prestige in the United States and Asia used to be relating to the Continental connection, and her Hanoverian pursuits, is a critical subject matter of this research, as is the connection among the household place of the Crown and its pursuits as Electors of Hanover. the difficulty of Continental interventionism opens up the query of ways alliances generate their very own pressures, whilst that they're alleged to aid conquer demanding situations; whereas additionally indicating how the household help for alliances shifts, developing its personal dynamics that during flip impact the overseas size. This publication can be of serious curiosity to scholars and students of diplomacy, British overseas coverage, British heritage and war and clash reports.
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Extra info for The Continental Commitment Britain, Hanover and Interventionism 1714-1793
42 Similarly, in the Ochakov crisis with Russia in 1791, there was a lack of clarity about the strategic importance of the fortress of Ochakov, and, in particular, about the extent to which it dominated the estuaries of the Rivers Bug and Dnieper. 43 Given this dissension, it was scarcely surprising that parliamentarians and newspapers also disagreed about the importance of the fortress, as well as about the relationship between Russian gains and the balance of power. 44 This dispute looked toward the nineteenth century, as did the Nootka Sound crisis over Vancouver Island of the previous year.
It was pronounced when Britain was taking an active, interventionist stance in Continental power politics, as in the 1710s, late 1720s, early 1730s and 1740s. Conversely, a relatively isolationist stance, as in the late 1760s and early 1770s, ensured that the need was less. Nevertheless, there was then the requirement for government to demonstrate that its failure to act, when for example the French purchased Corsica in 1768 or the First Partition of Poland occurred in 1772, did not betoken an inability to discern and defend national interests.
This offered a valuable, and more ‘modern’, alternative to the notion of dynastic legitimacy as the leitmotif of political debate. Instead of focusing on the rights to the British throne of the Hanoverians (an issue that left little space for political debate, other than of a treasonable character), it was possible to ask whether the ministry was legitimate in the sense of sustaining the national interest. This was an aspect of a more widespread European political development during the eighteenth century: the separation of ruler from nation, not least in terms of an automatic assumption that the identity and interest of the latter were submerged in the former.
The Continental Commitment Britain, Hanover and Interventionism 1714-1793 by Jeremy Black