By Adrian R. Lewis
The yankee tradition of warfare offers a sweeping serious exam of each significant American warfare in view that 1941: the second one global struggle, Korea, Vietnam, and the 1st and moment Persian Gulf Wars. As he rigorously considers the cultural forces that surrounded every one army engagement, Adrian Lewis bargains an unique and provocative examine the causes humans and governments used to salary conflict, the discord between army body of workers, the unsuitable political guidelines that guided army approach, and the civilian perceptions that characterised every one clash. With every one bankruptcy equally based to permit the reader to attract parallels among the wars, Lewis deftly lines the evolution people army approach because the moment international conflict. well timed, incisive, and accomplished, the yankee tradition of warfare is a different and important survey of over sixty years of yank army heritage. for additional info and classroom resources please visit The American tradition of War companion site at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415979757.
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Additional resources for The American Culture of War: The History of U.S. Military Force from World War II to Operation Iraqi Freedom
Indd 13 9/25/2006 11:29:10 AM 14 • The American Culture of War human beings, properly motivated, are capable to some degree of overcoming nature, just as they are able to overcome culture. However, while culture influences behavior, suppressing or enhancing certain genetic predispositions, it cannot completely override the genetic attributes of an individual. Culture can influence those who are partially qualified, pushing them one way or the other. One World War II study on “war neuroses” concluded that: The individual’s personality can be fortified by training, modified by experience, weakened or strengthened by leadership.
Armed Forces has it own operational and tactical doctrine. In war it is necessary for a nation to understand the tenets, dynamic, frictions, divisions, and exigencies of its own primary culture to maximize its power in war. 32 The willingness of the people of a nation to risk their lives in battle varies from nation to nation and war to war, and it can be argued that certain cultures have maintained through the centuries a stronger martial spirit than other nations. The frequency of war, the type of war, geographic circumstance, the wealth of the nation, the quality of life, the political system, and numerous other factors influence the martial spirit of a nation.
9 This tenet of equality has been a strong force in American life. It was necessary to transform AngloSaxons, Germans, French, Italians, Poles, Russians, and other European ethnic groups, which have historically warred with one another, into Americans and “white people”— the melting pot thesis. The tenet of equality was necessary to produce a culturally homogeneous national identity. The tenet also gave the nation an ideal toward which to strive. 10 The tenet of equality was extended to all facets of American life, even the battlefield.
The American Culture of War: The History of U.S. Military Force from World War II to Operation Iraqi Freedom by Adrian R. Lewis