By Ilan Oshri, Huibert de Vries, Henk de Vries
In lots of methods, the increase of the open resource internet browser Firefox contradicts universal knowledge and expectancies. An with community results, as is the case within the internet browser undefined, should still stick to the reason of "the powerful grows better, and the vulnerable turns into weaker". which means in the end, a unmarried dominant expertise will succeed that forestalls competing applied sciences from acquiring a foothold available in the market. we will be able to consequently clarify the victory of net Explorer (IE) over Netscape frequently simply because IE was once bundled with the home windows working method; despite the fact that, we nonetheless have to comprehend the increase of Firefox in a 'winner-takes-all market'. may the features of Firefox, an open resource software program net browser, clarify this unforeseen good fortune? This e-book brings jointly insights from open resource software program, open criteria, and standards-setting, and illustrates the dynamics of standards-settings via interpreting criteria battles: net Explorer as opposed to Netscape, and net Explorer as opposed to Firefox.
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Extra info for Standards Battles in Open Source Software: The Case of Firefox
The PC industry The computer industry finds its origins in the late 1950s, when IBM started producing mainframe computers. These complete proprietary systems were offered by a few vertically integrated companies such as IBM and DEC (Ehrhardt, 2004). The age of the personal computer (PC) commenced with the introduction of a fully assembled micro-computer in 1976 by Apple. It was not until 1980 that IBM, the then leading producer of high-end mainframes, started developing PCs. The IBM PC was based on an open architecture, and the production of the key components was outsourced to other companies (Bresnahan and Greenstein, 1999).
Openness requirements: all three phases The openness requirements of Krechmer (2006) offer an insightful specification of and addition to Oshri and Weeber’s (2006) “access to standard” attribute. These requirements will therefore be added to the framework. Krechmer identifies three stakeholders (creator, implementer, and user) throughout the standards-setting process, each with different openness requirements. This study takes Krechmer’s reasoning a little further by deriving three different phases from the stakeholders: creation, implementation, and use.
Market acceptance of standards Markets may demonstrate stronger or weaker trends toward achieving a common standard. In some cases, adoption of a common standard or resolution of a standards war is rapid, total and definitive, for instance, in the case of the Compact Disk versus the Digital Audio Tape (Grindley, 1995, chapter 5). In other cases, standards wars are long and “bloody,” for instance, in the VCR case (Grindley, 1995, chapter 4). On the other hand, the battle between different flash memory card formats still continues and no-one has achieved dominance (De Vries, De Ruijter and Argam, 2007).
Standards Battles in Open Source Software: The Case of Firefox by Ilan Oshri, Huibert de Vries, Henk de Vries