By Stanley R. Sandler
In terms of scholars, this laboratory arrangements handbook can be utilized to discover extra experiments to demonstrate ideas in synthesis and to reinforce latest laboratory texts. a reputation response index is additionally incorporated to direct the reader to the positioning the place particular reactions seem during this handbook. the economic chemist is usually required to arrange a number of compounds, and this guide can function a handy consultant to decide on a man-made direction. Key positive aspects * deals distinct instructions for the synthesis of assorted practical teams * contains updated references to the magazine literature and patents (foreign and household) * reports the chemistry for every sensible crew with feedback the place extra study is required * identify reactions are listed in addition to the arrangements cited. Read more...
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Additional info for Sourcebook of Advanced Organic Laboratory Preparations
0 moles) of 4-methylcyclohexanol. 0 moles) of sulfuric acid in If liters of water at such a rate to maintain the temperature at 80°C (approximately 12 hr). 917. 3 , CONDENSATION REACTIONS The Grignard reaction and Friedel-Crafts reaction are the two condensation reactions used most frequently to prepare ketones in the laboratory. The Grignard reagent reacts with nitriles to form ketimine salts which on hydrolysis yield ketones. Low molecular weight aliphatic nitriles give ketones contaminated with hydrocarbons derived from the acidic α-hydrogen of the nitrile.
After the addition has been completed, the ether is distilled off until 275 ml have been collected. Then 330 ml of dry benzene is added and the distillation is continued until the temperature reaches 65°C. The mixture is then refluxed for 1 hr and then hydrolyzed with ice water containing 10% sulfuric acid. The benzene layer is separated, washed twice with 10% sodium hydroxide solution, and then distilled to remove the benzene solvent. The residue is distilled under reduced pressure to yield 185 gm (71 %) of 1-octanol, bp 105°C (15 mm).
59, 946 (1937). H. C. Chitwood a n d B. T. Freure, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 68, 680 (1946). D . Swern, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1692 (1947). D . Swern, Chem. Rev. 4 5 , 1 (1949). D . Swern, Org. React. 7, 378 (1953). E. " F . M . C . C o r p o r a t i o n , Inorg. C h e m . , New Y o r k , 1964; B. " 2nd ed. , N e w Y o r k , 1957. 9. D . J. Pasto and C. C. C u m b o , J. Org. Chem. 30, 1271 (1965). 10. H. O. House and R. L. Wasson, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79, 1488 (1957). 6 HALIDES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. CONDENSATION REACTIONS A.
Sourcebook of Advanced Organic Laboratory Preparations by Stanley R. Sandler