By Ruth Gilchrist, Tony Jeffs

ISBN-10: 1853027642

ISBN-13: 9781853027642

Reflecting the emphasis in social care, social coverage and welfare at the rules of group and lively citizenship, this ebook offers historiecal historical past to community-based social motion and seeks to notify and contextualize perform and coverage within the box. The e-book additionally seeks to enhance the elemental cost suggestions of sturdy groups and hyperlinks throughout teams with other forms of desire, and applies them to present coverage advancements in group accountability, the position of voluntary paintings and the way forward for social care.

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Mothers of infants and younger children quickly helped the settlement workers identify an area in which they could offer needed support and services. One of the first visitors to Hull House was a woman wanting them to watch her baby while she moved to a new home; soon Starr and Addams found themselves assisting at births (Addams 1910). The main impetus behind the founding of the Henry Street Settlement in Manhattan was Lillian Wald’s desire to extend nursing services to the indigent population of the Lower East Side, services that at Henry Street and elsewhere often had at their core the urgent medical needs of women and children in childbirth, infancy and early childhood (Wald 1915, Duffus 1938).

Her plan included not only demonstrating the continuity and differences in these processes for the benefit of visitors, but also giving meaningful employment to craftsmen and -women, and allowing them, and by extension their peers, to reconnect with the second generation of immigrants, who were beginning to scorn the ways of their parents (Addams 1910). Lissak (1989) argues that Hull House in fact missed the point when it came to honouring the cultures of the immigrants. The Labour Museum, viewed in the context of the other class and club programmes of the settlement over several decades, was just part of a larger assimilatory vision promulgated by the settlement.

Settlement houses into the 1940s behaved institutionally in ways that affirmed general American practices of racial separation and discrimination, either ignoring growing colonies of African Americans in their neighbour­ hoods, or helping black or white leaders to establish separate programmes or houses for blacks in the belief that they had special needs and that their presence in existing settlement programmes simply would not be tolerated by the white clientele (Lasch-Quinn 1993). While most of the early American settlements did not move into their neighbourhoods with the primary expressed intention of serving local children, not surprisingly that is what they did most suc­ cessfully and consistently over the first 100 years.

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Settlements, social change and community action: good neighbours by Ruth Gilchrist, Tony Jeffs

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