By Michael McNally
Ramillies 1706 information the most vital clashes within the conflict of the Spanish Succession, a conflict that safe the Duke of Marlborough's position in heritage and helped verify the way forward for Europe.
In 1706, because the struggle of Spanish Succession dragged on, France's Louis XIV was once longing for peace, yet he sought after it on his phrases. for this reason, instead of status at the protecting, French armies on all fronts swung over to the offensive. Marlborough made up our minds to counter by way of launching a pre-emptive strike. the 2 facets met at Ramillies on may well 23rd.
Enjoying a virtually parity in numbers the French took up place alongside a river line, anchoring every one in their flanks on a marshy sector, thereby surrendering the initiative to Marlborough, who proceeded to probe opposed to either flanks. utilizing a chain of deceptions and feints, Marlborough took benefit of a hid re-entrant to enhance his middle which, at the moment, was once cannonading the French positions. ignorant of this, the French normal Villeroi greatly weakened his heart with a view to strengthen the threatened region. Seizing the chance, Marlborough introduced an overpowering assault on his personal phrases.
In the wake of 2 enormous cavalry mêlées, in the course of one in all which Marlborough used to be unhorsed and nearly killed, the allied troops shattered the French, causing over 20,000 casualties--almost one 3rd of the Franco-Hispano-Bavarian army--at a value of under 4,000 males, hence paving the best way for allied forces to overturn the French place in Flanders, and within the approach shooting a number of strategically vital cities and towns together with Brussels, Bruges, Louvain and Antwerp.
In brief, when Blenheim in 1704 have been a masterpiece of strategic maneuver that had improper footed the Franco-Bavarian armies and got rid of the possibility to Vienna, it used to be Marlborough's tactical instinct at the box of Ramillies that had ended in probably his best battlefield functionality and cleared the path for a crusade that will see a lot of Flanders come less than Allied control.
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Extra resources for Ramillies 1706: Marlborough’s tactical masterpiece
The year ended on a military high but a political low for France with further victories over the Imperialists on the Rhine and Max Emanuel occupying the Tyrol in order to secure Bavaria’s southern borders, whilst both Portugal and Savoy changed their allegiances and joined the Grand Alliance. The French plan for 1704 was to detach a force of 70,000 men to upper Germany and from there to drive upon Vienna, thus knocking Austria out of the war and – despite much political rhetoric – enforce a settlement which would secure the Spanish throne for Philippe of Anjou.
Whilst his King led a primarily ‘continental’ army against the Jacobites in Ireland, the newly elevated peer assumed command of an English contingent dispatched to fight in the Low Countries where he served with distinction. Following the battle of the Boyne, and William’s subsequent inability to end the war with the capture of the stronghold of Limerick, Marlborough devised a plan to secure the southern coast of Ireland and thus sever Jacobite links with France. The plan was an outstanding success and was a demonstration of his grasp of both logistics and the need for allied commanders to be able to work together both in the field and at higher levels.
October Allies capture Barcelona. November Bourbon forces besiege Barcelona. 1706 April Marshal Vendôme defeats an Imperialist army at Calcinato in Northern Italy. 23 May Marlborough decisively defeats Villeroi at Ramillies. September Eugène breaks Bourbon siege of Turin and relieves city. OPPOSING COMMANDERS THE ALLIED ARMY John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650–1722) A senior officer under both King Charles II and his successor James II, Churchill’s star continued to wax in the wake of the Glorious Revolution and, in the coronation honours, he was created Earl of Marlborough.
Ramillies 1706: Marlborough’s tactical masterpiece by Michael McNally