By David Montejano

Winner, NACCS-Tejas ebook Award, nationwide organization for Chicana and Chicano reviews Tejas Foco , 2011
NACCS e-book Award, nationwide organization for Chicana and Chicano reports, 2012

In the mid-1960s, San Antonio, Texas, used to be a segregated urban ruled by way of an entrenched Anglo social and enterprise elite. The Mexican American barrios of the west and south aspects have been characterised through substandard housing and skilled seasonal flooding. Gang conflict broke out on a regular basis. Then the outstanding farmworkers of South Texas marched throughout the urban and trigger a social flow that remodeled the barrios and eventually introduced down the outdated Anglo oligarchy. In Quixote's Soldiers, David Montejano makes use of a wealth of formerly untapped resources, together with the congressional papers of Henry B. Gonzalez, to give an interesting and hugely readable account of this turbulent period.

Montejano divides the narrative into 3 elements. within the first half, he recounts how university scholar activists and politicized social employees mobilized barrio formative years and fastened an competitive problem to either Anglo and Mexican American political elites. within the moment half, Montejano appears to be like on the dynamic evolution of the Chicano stream and the emergence of transparent gender and sophistication differences as girls and ex-gang formative years struggled to achieve acceptance as severe political actors. within the ultimate half, Montejano analyzes the mess ups and successes of circulate politics. He describes the paintings of second-generation flow corporations that made attainable a brand new and extra consultant political order, symbolized by means of the election of Mayor Henry Cisneros in 1981.

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Extra info for Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1981 (Jack and Doris Smothers Series in Texas History, Life, and Culture)

Example text

5 Despite segregation, San Antonio was considered a “moderate” southern city because the GGL had included token representation from the Mexican and Black communities on its city council slates since the mid-fifties. 6 Yet such token representation was a progressive step from the Jim Crow system of the s, and it was emblematic of the paternalistic rule of San Antonio’s Anglo business-political elite. Much pressure for change had come from the activism of the World War II and Korean War veterans and the rising middle class of the Mexican American community.

Assuming that the methodology of both research teams was sound, how does one reconcile a seeming contradiction in their explanations or emphases? Or, more to the point, what was the complex gang reality that barrio youths—and the rest of San Antonio—faced in the sixties? This chapter describes the gang problem and provides explanations of this problem from three expert parties: social scientists, social workers, and ex–gang members. After this review, I propose an explanation that reconciles the notion of “latent group identities” with a cyclical history of gang violence.

Each year the group would crown one of its members as “King San Antonio City Council, : front, left to right, Lila Cockrell, Mayor Walter McAllister, and John Gatti; back, left to right, Herbert Calderón, Robert Jones, S. H. James, Felix Treviño, Gerald Parker, and Ronald Bremer. Zintgraff Collection, University of Texas at San Antonio Institute of Texan Cultures, Z--, courtesy of John and Dela White. Residential patterns and residences of the mayor and city council members, . 18 the conflict within Antonio” to head up the festival.

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Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1981 (Jack and Doris Smothers Series in Texas History, Life, and Culture) by David Montejano


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