By G. S. Agarwal (auth.), A. O. Barut (eds.)
The borderline of quantum electrodynamics and quantum optics provide wonderful effects and difficulties in regards to the foundations of radiation idea. maybe the key new point of view that has emerged from fresh investigations is that you may now paintings within a time-dependent quantum procedure, while during the past all trouble-free quantum procedures have been both desk bound, or one labored with asymptotic in-and out-states, i.e. an S-matrix strategy. In the-rirst a part of this quantity, the Quantum Electrodynamics, the current prestige of the most ways to this so much actual of all actual theories are mentioned: the Hamiltonian technique, the Green's functionality strategy with specific emphasis to certain nation difficulties, and the more moderen, nonperturbative procedure. the newest numerical effects on radiative corrections, Lamb shifts and anomalous magnetic moments are reviewed with new effects for top Z atoms. additionally mentioned are various theoretical interpretations of the radiative phenomena as as a result of quantized box vacuum fluctuations or because of self strength. A small team of contributions are dedicated to the physics and mathematical description of decaying or volatile states in quantum thought. This amazing phenomenon of quantum idea nonetheless wishes whole explanation, it's a time-dependent phenomenon, that are defined additionally by way of asymptotic S-matrix equipment, yet with advanced energies.
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Additional info for Quantum Electrodynamics and Quantum Optics
Since we have analyzed the self-action (11) quite generally, our results (23) - (25) are valid not ony for any external field problem, but also for a free particle. In the latter case all L'1E is to be counted as a renormalization term. n(r) in the expansion (12) via the form factors (16». 24 For a localized free particle we would take a wave packet. In the presence of an external field this wave packet will be deformed. Total self interaction energy content of the deformed packet will be a bit different -- this is the vacuum polarization.
In this introduction we would like to concentrate on two particular inconsistencies, deeming that they pinpoint the path to be followed in order to have a consistent theory, without modifying however the basic principles of the field theoretical approach. In no way do we claim to present a rigorous mathematical theory, since we feel that the solution to these problems lies within the "physicist approach" to quantum field theory. The mathematical formalization of these concepts may come at a later stage.
DUPONT-ROC, C. FABRE and C. COHEN-TANNOUDJI J. Phys. B 11, 563 (1978) see also same authors + P. AVAN J. Physique ~, 993 (1976) [ 3 ] J. DUPONT-ROC and C. COHEN-TANNOUDJI To appear in "New Trends in Atomic Physics", Les Houches 1982 Session XXXVIII, STORA R. and GRYNBERG G. ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam) 40 THE HAMILTONIAN OF QUANTUM ELECTRODYNAMICS Iwo Bialynicki-Birula Institute for Theoretical Physics Polish Academy of Sciences Lotnikow 32/46 02-668 Warsaw, Poland 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of these lectures is to establish a bridge between the full, relativistic QED and its nonrelativistic approximation, used in quantum optics and atomic physics.
Quantum Electrodynamics and Quantum Optics by G. S. Agarwal (auth.), A. O. Barut (eds.)