By Ali Abdel Gadir Ali and Shenggen Fan (Editors)

ISBN-10: 9990680175

ISBN-13: 9789990680171

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Example text

4555 . These are indeed much higher estimates than the international estimates referred to in the previous section. 12) for 1999/2000. 63% of the total population were living below the upper poverty line. 1844 for the urban areas (zL = LE. 2141 (zL= LE. 955). 4607 for the urban areas (zU = LE. 5227 for the rural areas (zU = LE. 1325). These recent estimates should be contrasted with those of ELLB (2003: 23, tables 1 and 2). 1674. 07% of the rural population falling below the lower rural poverty line, are different from the above quoted results.

25 An alternative procedure used is to inflate the 1987 and 1992 poverty lines by the consumer price index. 1 percent in terms of 1992 prices. Moreover, another alternative was to update the cost of basic needs that satisfy the nutritional requirements after allowing for the possibility of substituting cheaper food items. 26 See Laabas (2001) for estimates for Algeria. 11) report their estimates for the per capita annual poverty lines for rural and urban areas. For urban areas the food poverty line is estimated as LE.

The upper poverty lines are estimated on the basis of calculating the average nonfood spending among households who actually spend the cost of the cost of the minimum food requirements. The estimated upper poverty lines, which are used in the analysis, amounted to YR4720 per person per month for the country, YR4764 for urban areas and YR 4707 for rural areas. 78 for the rural areas. 2. Country Poverty Estimates: Poverty estimates for a number of Arab countries are available from different sources.

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Public Policy and Poverty Reduction in the Arab Region by Ali Abdel Gadir Ali and Shenggen Fan (Editors)

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