By Claudia Rokx
This file offers an outline of severe food concerns effecting the jap ecu and primary Asian (ECA) international locations and indicates suggestions for development. The ECA quarter is various in fiscal, political, and social buildings, as are the foodstuff difficulties within the sector. The record reveals that, as well as poverty, lack of expertise approximately uncomplicated meals between populations can also be a key determinant of malnutrition within the ECA sector.
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Segal et al. (1995) attempted to model potential cost-effectiveness of a range of interventions for the prevention and treatment of NIDDM in Australia. The study estimated that the most cost-effective interventions were a commercial 6-week group session program for men and the mass-media lifestyle modification program. Both interventions were estimated to result in cost savings from reduced incidence of NIDDM, and savings were greater than program costs. Behavior change to reduce cardiovascular disease costs less than US$1 per capita per year in targeted populations.
Low birth-weight (LBW) prevalence is a marker for intrauterine growth retardation or fetal malnutrition and prematurity caused by infections. High rates of low birth weight in developing countries are indicative of undernutrition in women. In the ECA region prevalence of LBW is low (Table 4) and comparable to rates in West European countries, confirming that there is little underweight in Table 4. FSU Belarus Ukraine 5 8 SEE Albania Bulgaria Macedonia Croatia 7 7 8 8 CE Czech Republic Hungary Poland Slovakia Slovenia 6 9 9 6 6 Baltic States Latvia Lithuania 4 4 Source: World Bank, 1999b.
A. a. a. Not available. Sources: UNICEF–ICDC 1995; TransMONEE database, 1997. No data is available for Turkey and the Balkans. Causes of Malnutrition in the ECA Region • 37 highest. Some improvements have been made in certain countries of the CAR and Caucasus, but recent data (UNICEF-ICDC, 1999) show that real wage levels remain at less than 37 percent of the 1991 level for Kazakhstan, less than 50 percent of the 1990 level for the Kyrgyz Republic, and less than 31 percent of the 1993 level for Turkmenistan.
Prospects for improving nutrition in Eastern Europe and Central Asia by Claudia Rokx