By P.W. Hawkes and E. Kasper (Auth.)
ISBN10: 0123333407
ISBN13: 9780123333407

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PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL MICROSCOPIAL SOCIETY
Content:
Preface for quantity 1
, Pages xvxvii
Preface for quantity 3
, Pages xvxvii
1  Introduction
, Pages 314
2  Relativistic Kinematics
, Pages 1726
3  diverse types of Trajectory Equations
, Pages 2734
4  Variational Principles
, Pages 3545
5  Hamiltonian Optics
, Pages 4658
6  easy ideas and Equations
, Pages 6172
7  sequence Expansions
, Pages 7393
8  BoundaryValue Problems
, Pages 94106
9  essential Equations
, Pages 107124
10  The BoundaryElement Method
, Pages 125158
11  The FiniteDifference procedure (FDM)
, Pages 159174
12  The FiniteElement approach (FEM)
, Pages 175187
13  FieldInterpolation Techniques
, Pages 188198
14  Introduction
, Page 201
15  structures with an Axis of Rotational Symmetry
, Pages 202224
16  Gaussian Optics of Rotationally Symmetric structures: Asymptotic picture formation
, Pages 225241
17  Gaussian Optics of Rotationally Symmetric platforms: genuine Cardinal Elements
, Pages 242260
18  Electron Mirrors
, Pages 261275
19  Quadrupole Lenses
, Pages 276289
20  Cylindrical Lenses
, Pages 290293
21  Introduction
, Pages 297302
22  Perturbation thought: basic Formalism
, Pages 303314
23  The Relation among accepted forms of Aberration and process Symmetry
, Pages 315338
24  The Geometrical Aberrations of around Lenses
, Pages 339392
25  Asymptotic Aberration Coefficients
, Pages 393408
26  Chromatic Aberrations
, Pages 409417
27  Aberration Matrices and the Aberrations of Lens Combinations
, Pages 418424
28  The Aberrations of Mirrors and Cathode Lenses
, Pages 425433
29  The Aberrations of Quadrupole Lenses and Octopoles
, Pages 434465
30  The Aberrations of Cylindrical Lenses
, Pages 466469
31  Parasitic Aberrations
, Pages 470479
32  Deflection platforms and their Aberrations
, Pages 483521
33  Numerical Calculation of Trajectories, Paraxial homes and Aberrations
, Pages 525564
34  using machine Algebra Languages
, Pages 565571
35  Electrostatic Lenses
, Pages 629686
36  Magnetic Lenses
, Pages 687795
37  Electron Mirrors
, Pages 796798
38  Cathode Lenses and FieldEmission Microscopy
, Pages 799800
39  Quadrupole Lenses
, Pages 801822
40  Deflection Systems
, Pages 823854
41  Aberration Correction
, Pages 857878
42  Caustics and their Applications
, Pages 879903
43  normal good points of Electron Guns
, Pages 907917
44  concept of Electron Emission
, Pages 918933
45  Pointed Cathodes with out area Charge
, Pages 934952
46  area cost Effects
, Pages 953970
47  Brightness
, Pages 971988
48  Emittance
, Pages 9891003
49  The Boersch Effect
, Pages 10041016
50  whole Electron Guns
, Pages 10171036
51  common Curvilinear Systems
, Pages 10391057
52  Magnetic quarter Fields
, Pages 10581079
53  Unified Theories of Ion Optical Systems
, Pages 10801099
54  Introduction
, Pages 11911207
55  The Schrödinger Equation
, Pages 12111216
56  The Relativistic Wave Equation
, Pages 12171223
57  The Eikonal Approximation
, Pages 12241234
58  Paraxial Wave Optics
, Pages 12351250
59  the final thought of Electron Diffraction and Interference
, Pages 12511272
60  common Diffraction Patterns
, Pages 12731298
61  normal Introduction
, Pages 13011310
62  ideas of Interferometry
, Pages 13111335
63  rules of Holography
, Pages 13361362
64  common Introduction
, Pages 13651369
65  basics of move Theory
, Pages 13701384
66  the idea of Brightfield Imaging
, Pages 13851440
67  photograph Formation within the Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope
, Pages 14411454
68  Electron Interactions in Amorphous Specimens
, Pages 14571487
69  Electron Interactions in Crystalline Specimens
, Pages 14881528
70  Introduction
, Pages 15311544
71  Acquisition, Sampling and Coding
, Pages 15451561
72  Enhancement
, Pages 15621594
73  Linear Restoration
, Pages 15951612
74  Nonlinear Restoration
, Pages 16131652
75  3dimensional Reconstruction
, Pages 16531682
76  photo Analysis
, Pages 16831704
77  tool regulate and Instrumental picture Manipulation
, Pages 17051715
78  Coherence and the Brightness Functions
, Pages 17191760
79  Instrumental elements of Coherence
, Pages 17611767
Notes and References for quantity 1
, Pages 577623
Index for quantity 1
, Pages ixviii
Correction for quantity 1
, Pages xixxx
Notes and References for quantity 2
, Pages 11031188
Appendix  extra significant references
, Page 1771
Notes and References for quantity 3
, Pages 17751900
Index for quantity 3
, Pages ixxiv
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Additional info for Principles of Electron Optics
Example text
This holds even for skew trajectories. 17) x B These are three scalar differential equations for the two functions y(z); the third equation Q d (g) azOg Q o = z +  i~ . 18) is therefore dependent on the first two and may be omitted. 18). 17) by eliminating the second term. (r' x B) r'} 3. DIFFERENT FORMS OF TRAJECTORY EQUATIONS 32 The third component of this is a trivial identity. (Bz + x'B= + y'B,) Bt := t . 20) These trajectory equations are valid for all charged particles, provided that the conditions mentioned above are satisfied.
This is mainly the case when saturation effects arise in ferromagnetic polepieces. We shall adopt the following standard electrodynamic notation: E : electric field strength; D : displacement vector; H : magnetic field strength; B  m a g n e t i c flux density; #, #0 " permeability; e, e0 • permittivity; t, = 1/# • magnetic reluctance; A :vector potential; 8 • space charge density; j " electric current density; a :surface charge density; w :surface current density. Scalar potential functions are denoted in different ways, as they will appear frequently in different contexts; very often they have only a formal mathematical meaning.
It is often preferable to use the invariance theorem in its differential form. This can be easily obtained in the following way. We now consider congruences of rays. These are twoparameter manifolds or families of rays, represented by functions r(u, v;s), u and v being the parameters in question and s the arclength. For instance, all monoenergetic rays emerging from a 'point source' at r0 form a congruence, the parameters u and v then being angles characterizing the starting direction. The definition is, however, more general.
Principles of Electron Optics by P.W. Hawkes and E. Kasper (Auth.)
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