By P.W. Hawkes and E. Kasper (Auth.)

ISBN-10: 0123333407

ISBN-13: 9780123333407

  • "In electron Optics there's no precedent... a momentous accomplishment. The checklist of references is an indication of the way thorough a role the authors have done...A masterpiece..."
    --ULTRAMICROSCOPY


    "The first try inforty years to hide systematically the entire box of Electron Optics...Up so far account...highly recommended..."
    --VACUUM


    "This is a enormous and well timed work--well researched, rigorously proof-read, and marked by way of readability of notion and expression."
    --NATURE


    "...I[d] wish to suggest this paintings to every who's involved in the box of particle optics."
    --OPTIK


    "...great readability, rigorous therapy of each optical aspect and equipment because the starting place of the subject...It takes its position because the definitive textual content and resource booklet within the field..."
    --PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL MICROSCOPIAL SOCIETY

Content:
Preface for quantity 1

, Pages xv-xvii
Preface for quantity 3

, Pages xv-xvii
1 - Introduction

, Pages 3-14
2 - Relativistic Kinematics

, Pages 17-26
3 - diverse types of Trajectory Equations

, Pages 27-34
4 - Variational Principles

, Pages 35-45
5 - Hamiltonian Optics

, Pages 46-58
6 - easy ideas and Equations

, Pages 61-72
7 - sequence Expansions

, Pages 73-93
8 - Boundary-Value Problems

, Pages 94-106
9 - essential Equations

, Pages 107-124
10 - The Boundary-Element Method

, Pages 125-158
11 - The Finite-Difference procedure (FDM)

, Pages 159-174
12 - The Finite-Element approach (FEM)

, Pages 175-187
13 - Field-Interpolation Techniques

, Pages 188-198
14 - Introduction

, Page 201
15 - structures with an Axis of Rotational Symmetry

, Pages 202-224
16 - Gaussian Optics of Rotationally Symmetric structures: Asymptotic picture formation

, Pages 225-241
17 - Gaussian Optics of Rotationally Symmetric platforms: genuine Cardinal Elements

, Pages 242-260
18 - Electron Mirrors

, Pages 261-275
19 - Quadrupole Lenses

, Pages 276-289
20 - Cylindrical Lenses

, Pages 290-293
21 - Introduction

, Pages 297-302
22 - Perturbation thought: basic Formalism

, Pages 303-314
23 - The Relation among accepted forms of Aberration and process Symmetry

, Pages 315-338
24 - The Geometrical Aberrations of around Lenses

, Pages 339-392
25 - Asymptotic Aberration Coefficients

, Pages 393-408
26 - Chromatic Aberrations

, Pages 409-417
27 - Aberration Matrices and the Aberrations of Lens Combinations

, Pages 418-424
28 - The Aberrations of Mirrors and Cathode Lenses

, Pages 425-433
29 - The Aberrations of Quadrupole Lenses and Octopoles

, Pages 434-465
30 - The Aberrations of Cylindrical Lenses

, Pages 466-469
31 - Parasitic Aberrations

, Pages 470-479
32 - Deflection platforms and their Aberrations

, Pages 483-521
33 - Numerical Calculation of Trajectories, Paraxial homes and Aberrations

, Pages 525-564
34 - using machine Algebra Languages

, Pages 565-571
35 - Electrostatic Lenses

, Pages 629-686
36 - Magnetic Lenses

, Pages 687-795
37 - Electron Mirrors

, Pages 796-798
38 - Cathode Lenses and Field-Emission Microscopy

, Pages 799-800
39 - Quadrupole Lenses

, Pages 801-822
40 - Deflection Systems

, Pages 823-854
41 - Aberration Correction

, Pages 857-878
42 - Caustics and their Applications

, Pages 879-903
43 - normal good points of Electron Guns

, Pages 907-917
44 - concept of Electron Emission

, Pages 918-933
45 - Pointed Cathodes with out area Charge

, Pages 934-952
46 - area cost Effects

, Pages 953-970
47 - Brightness

, Pages 971-988
48 - Emittance

, Pages 989-1003
49 - The Boersch Effect

, Pages 1004-1016
50 - whole Electron Guns

, Pages 1017-1036
51 - common Curvilinear Systems

, Pages 1039-1057
52 - Magnetic quarter Fields

, Pages 1058-1079
53 - Unified Theories of Ion Optical Systems

, Pages 1080-1099
54 - Introduction

, Pages 1191-1207
55 - The Schrödinger Equation

, Pages 1211-1216
56 - The Relativistic Wave Equation

, Pages 1217-1223
57 - The Eikonal Approximation

, Pages 1224-1234
58 - Paraxial Wave Optics

, Pages 1235-1250
59 - the final thought of Electron Diffraction and Interference

, Pages 1251-1272
60 - common Diffraction Patterns

, Pages 1273-1298
61 - normal Introduction

, Pages 1301-1310
62 - ideas of Interferometry

, Pages 1311-1335
63 - rules of Holography

, Pages 1336-1362
64 - common Introduction

, Pages 1365-1369
65 - basics of move Theory

, Pages 1370-1384
66 - the idea of Bright-field Imaging

, Pages 1385-1440
67 - photograph Formation within the Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope

, Pages 1441-1454
68 - Electron Interactions in Amorphous Specimens

, Pages 1457-1487
69 - Electron Interactions in Crystalline Specimens

, Pages 1488-1528
70 - Introduction

, Pages 1531-1544
71 - Acquisition, Sampling and Coding

, Pages 1545-1561
72 - Enhancement

, Pages 1562-1594
73 - Linear Restoration

, Pages 1595-1612
74 - Nonlinear Restoration

, Pages 1613-1652
75 - 3-dimensional Reconstruction

, Pages 1653-1682
76 - photo Analysis

, Pages 1683-1704
77 - tool regulate and Instrumental picture Manipulation

, Pages 1705-1715
78 - Coherence and the Brightness Functions

, Pages 1719-1760
79 - Instrumental elements of Coherence

, Pages 1761-1767
Notes and References for quantity 1

, Pages 577-623
Index for quantity 1

, Pages i-xviii
Correction for quantity 1

, Pages xix-xx
Notes and References for quantity 2

, Pages 1103-1188
Appendix - extra significant references

, Page 1771
Notes and References for quantity 3

, Pages 1775-1900
Index for quantity 3

, Pages i-xxiv

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Example text

This holds even for skew trajectories. 17) x B These are three scalar differential equations for the two functions y(z); the third equation Q d (g) azOg Q o = -z-- + - i~ . 18) is therefore dependent on the first two and may be omitted. 18). 17) by eliminating the second term. (r' x B) r'} 3. DIFFERENT FORMS OF TRAJECTORY EQUATIONS 32 The third component of this is a trivial identity. (Bz + x'B= + y'B,) Bt := t . 20) These trajectory equations are valid for all charged particles, provided that the conditions mentioned above are satisfied.

This is mainly the case when saturation effects arise in ferromagnetic polepieces. We shall adopt the following standard electrodynamic notation: E : electric field strength; D : displacement vector; H : magnetic field strength; B - m a g n e t i c flux density; #, #0 " permeability; e, e0 • permittivity; t, = 1/# • magnetic reluctance; A :vector potential; 8 • space charge density; j " electric current density; a :surface charge density; w :surface current density. Scalar potential functions are denoted in different ways, as they will appear frequently in different contexts; very often they have only a formal mathematical meaning.

It is often preferable to use the invariance theorem in its differential form. This can be easily obtained in the following way. We now consider congruences of rays. These are two-parameter manifolds or families of rays, represented by functions r(u, v;s), u and v being the parameters in question and s the arc-length. For instance, all monoenergetic rays emerging from a 'point source' at r0 form a congruence, the parameters u and v then being angles characterizing the starting direction. The definition is, however, more general.

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Principles of Electron Optics by P.W. Hawkes and E. Kasper (Auth.)


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