By Professor John Dixon, John Dixon, David Macarov
This e-book addresses the long-standing international factor of poverty. An introductory bankruptcy explores ideas and definitions of poverty, the following chapters supplying certain examinations of poverty in ten varied nations: united kingdom, united states, Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, eire, Malta, The Netherlands, The Philippines and Zimbabwe. every one bankruptcy follows a constant structure, to facilitate comparability and specializes in the subsequent issues:- * the socio-economic and historic context in which poverty exists * the level and nature of poverty its motives * the measures which have been taken to mitigate it. This publication should be crucial studying for college kids of social coverage and management in addition to improvement reports and anthropology.
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Additional info for Poverty: A Persistent Global Reality
As with the Aboriginal population, however, this was again a poverty situation of considerable complexity. Cultural backgrounds, adaptation to Australian services, inadequate services for recently-arrived migrants and other factors were all seen by the Henderson Poverty Inquiry as contributing to the above average poverty rate among immigrants in Australia. In 1991 Johnson’s report on poverty among immigrants was published. He discovered an alarming situation, namely that ‘immigrant poverty increased by 48 per cent between 1981–2 and 1985–6, compared with an increase of 27 per cent in poverty among all Australians’ (p.
This too has been strongly criticised as inappropriate but has never been replaced. Why the relative cost of living for a man and a woman, an adult and child, a boy and girl and so on which applied in New York in 1954 would resemble the (in any case diverse) Australian situation in 1975 or 1996 is a mystery. While the Australian approach to the measurement of poverty is not consistent with many of the detailed definitions of poverty, nor an approach which is beyond criticism, it is the approach which has been used since 1966, and has at least the advantage of consistency.
The Henderson Poverty Inquiry stressed also the importance of ensuring that all employees came under the minimum wage award, noting that the extent of such coverage had been recently eroded. ’ The Henderson Poverty Inquiry (1975: 132), of course, noted that the prevailing incidence of poverty had much to do with the rate of unemployment, but it also noted that ‘community attitudes to those out of work are often both negative and based on ignorance and suspicion’. The implication was that to use strategies other than employment-generation and minimum wages would not be very popular, and might therefore be politically unpalatable.
Poverty: A Persistent Global Reality by Professor John Dixon, John Dixon, David Macarov