By Simplicius; Barrie Fleet (trans.)
Book 2 of the Physics is arguably the simplest advent to Aristotle's principles, in addition to being the main fascinating and consultant ebook within the complete of his corpus. It defines nature and distinguishes average technological know-how from arithmetic. It introduces the seminal proposal of 4 reasons, or 4 modes of clarification. It defines likelihood, yet rejects a idea of likelihood and usual choice in favour of function in nature.
Simplicius, writing within the 6th century advert, provides his personal massive contribution to this paintings. Seeing Aristotle's God as a author, he discusses how nature pertains to soul, provides Stoic and Neoplatonist explanations to Aristotle's record of 4, and questions the likeness of reason to influence. He discusses lacking a superb evil or a good strong by way of a hairsbreadth and considers no matter if animals act from cause or ordinary intuition. He additionally preserves a Posidonian dialogue of mathematical astronomy.
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Additional info for On Aristotle Physics 2
The form comes-to-be according to its own nature from its opposite, and once it has come-to-be it is preserved and changed by both acting and being acted on, or rather by being actualised passively. So matter and form are both natural, but neither is nature; nor, similarly, is the compound. Form rather than matter would be nature because of its character and power. And the compound rather than matter would be nature because of the form, since it becomes an entirely natural individual thing when it receives the form.
Every natural entity. For propositions underlie syllogisms as matter, yet they are not their nature, since the syllogism is in no way a natural entity. All natural entities are corporeal. Not even in the case of syllables are the basic elements – the letters – their nature. Consequently, not just any substrate can be called a nature, but only the primary one – and not even that in every case, but only in the case of a natural entity. 10 15 20 25 30 30 Translation 193a30 But in another sense nature is the shape and the form in accordance with the account.
For the matter is only potentially the thing of which it is the matter, as for example the seed is only the animal in potentiality, and each thing receives its specific designation only according to what it is in actuality. That is the form. So nature quite reasonably seems to be form rather than matter. 3. According to the third meaning, nature is said to be the compound of matter and form, for example the man. For just as the word ‘substance’ is used in three ways – matter, form and compound – so ‘nature’ could be spoken of in three ways.
On Aristotle Physics 2 by Simplicius; Barrie Fleet (trans.)