By L. A. Botelho

ISBN-10: 1843830949

ISBN-13: 9781843830948

ISBN-10: 1846152496

ISBN-13: 9781846152498

Outdated Age and the English terrible legislations, 1500-1700 explores the just about unknown international of the elderly bad in 16th- and seventeenth-century England. It asks a question of nationwide importance - how the aged terrible controlled to outlive in a pre-industrial economic climate - yet solutions it on the point of the village. via a comparability of 2 Suffolk villages, the numerous components that make up the event of previous age (status, overall healthiness, wealth, and native tradition) are absolutely acknowledged, stated, and factored into the translation. Botelho argues that the most important to survival for those contributors used to be their very own efforts, over and above that of a weekly pension. In different phrases, even for the elderly, if one didn't paintings, one didn't consume.

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Hindle, ‘Exhortation and Entitlement: Negotiating Inequality in English Rural Communities, 1550–1650’ in M. Braddick and J. Walter, eds, Negotiating Power in Early Modern Society: Order, Hierarchy and Subordination in Early Modern Britain and Ireland (Cambridge, 2001). 9 The idea of negotiated parish politics centred on the issue of relief is a theme explored in much of Steve Hindle’s recent work. For example, see his Birthpangs, passim; ‘Exclusion Crises’, passim; and ‘Power, Poor Relief, and Social Relations in Holland Fen, c.

14 Because of the nature of early modern authority, decisions by ‘the better sort’ were made on behalf of the rest. 15 This already explosive concentration of power was furthered by the cultural demand, and statutory obligation, to be discriminate in the distribution of relief. The great fear was that by being too ‘generous’ in relief one would multiply the numbers of poor instead of reducing the degree of poverty. 17 In Cratfield, this consisted typically of eight to ten men out of approximately 300 inhabitants, and in Poslingford it was often only five men out of just under 200.

Together they reveal much about the culture of the parish. Churchwarden-supplied assistance was divided into two fundamental types: that which had to be repaid and that which was an outright gift. Loans of various types were available up to quite sizeable sums, and by definition were expected to be returned. 36 The practice of securing the loan was unusual, as most loans ‘by the consent of the towne’ were unsecured, despite their sometimes very sizeable amounts. In 1660, James Brundish received an unsecured loan of £4, to be repaid in four years.

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Old Age and the English Poor Law, 1500-1700 by L. A. Botelho

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