By Linda K. Park, Paul Moran (auth.), Gary R. Carvalho, Tony J. Pitcher (eds.)

ISBN-10: 041262950X

ISBN-13: 9780412629501

ISBN-10: 9401112185

ISBN-13: 9789401112185

The simple precept of all molecular genetic equipment is to hire inherited, discrete and reliable markers to spot genotypes that signify participants, populations or species. Such genetic information offers info ori the degrees and distribution of genetic variability on the subject of mating styles, existence historical past, inhabitants measurement, migration and atmosphere. even if molecular instruments have lengthy been hired to deal with a variety of questions in fisheries biology and administration, their contributions to the sphere are often uncertain, and sometimes debatable. a lot of the preliminary impetus for the deployment of molecular markers arose from the need to evaluate fish inventory constitution in response to numerous interpretations of the inventory inspiration. even if such experiences have met with various luck, they proceed to supply an impetus for the improvement of more and more delicate inhabitants discriminators, yielding info that may be useful for either sustainable exploitation and the conservation of fish populations. within the final significant synthesis of the topic, Ryman and Utter (1987) summarized growth and functions, although this used to be sooner than the wide-scale adoption of DNA method. New resources of genetic markers and protocols are actually to be had, specifically those who make the most the commonly disbursed and hugely variable repeat sequences of DNA, and the amplification means of the polymerase chain reaction.

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Gigas and C. , 1990). In contrast, hatchery stocks of abalone (Haliotis iris) have shown a substantial reduction in heterozygosity (Smith and Conroy, 1992), which in this case was attributed to the use of very small numbers of spawners. , 1992). MtDNA variation has also been used in some studies, and in principle should be a more effective indicator of inbreeding effects because of its smaller N e' Inbred American oysters were characterized by haplotypes not found in the ancestral population, although this finding was attributed to a putative change in the native gene pool (Brown and Paynter, 1991).

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Evol. 5, 584-99. Lynch, M. E. (1993) A method for calibrating molecular clocks and its application to animal mitochondrial DNA. Genetics 135, 1197-1208. Margoulas, A. and Zourous, E. (1993) Restriction site heteroplasmy in anchovy (Engrau/is encrasicolus) incidental biparental inheritance of mitochondrial DNA. Mol. Bioi. l0, 319-25. L. and Moller, F. (1959) Multiple forms of enzymes: tissue, ontogenetic, and speciesspecific patterns. Proc. Natl A cad. Sci. USA 45, 753-63. May, B. e. (1990) Use of allozyme data for population analysis.

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Molecular Genetics in Fisheries by Linda K. Park, Paul Moran (auth.), Gary R. Carvalho, Tony J. Pitcher (eds.)

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