By Carolyn Podruchny
French Canadian employees who paddled canoes, transported items, and staffed the internal posts of the northern North American fur alternate turned popularly often called voyageurs. students and public historians alike have solid them within the romantic function of rugged and merry heroes who lead the way for eu civilization within the wild Northwest. Carolyn Podruchny seems to be past the stereotypes and divulges the contours of voyageurs’ lives, global perspectives, and values.Making the Voyageur global exhibits that the voyageurs created particular identities formed by means of their French-Canadian peasant roots, the Aboriginal peoples they met within the Northwest, and the character in their employment as indentured servants in diversified environments. Voyageurs’ identities have been additionally formed via their consistent travels and by means of their very own masculine beliefs that emphasised energy, patience, and bold. even though voyageurs left few traditional lines in their personal voices within the documentary checklist, an dazzling volume of data are available in descriptions of them by means of their masters, explorers, and different tourists. by way of analyzing their lives together with the metaphor of the voyage, Podruchny not just unearths the typical lives of her subjects—what they ate, their cosmology and rituals of social gathering, their households, and, particularly, their work—but additionally underscores their impression at the social and cultural panorama of North the United States. (20071011)
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Additional info for Making the Voyageur World: Travelers and Traders in the North American Fur Trade (France Overseas: Studies in Empire and D)
Lawrence valley was dominated by the feudal regime of the seigneurial system, which shaped land distribution and occupation and lasted from 1627 to 1854. The French Crown granted parcels of land to seigneurs, or feudal lords, who in turn granted land to peasant farmers, also called habitants and censitaires. In return for the seigneurie, seigneurs were obliged to ensure that the land was cultivated and had to establish courts of law, operate mills, and organize communes. 45 In a close economic and social study of three Quebec parishes—Sorel, St.
In addition, voyageurs imprinted themselves and their history on the social and physical landscape of the pays d’en haut by (re)naming lakes, rivers, rapids, and portages. The metaphor of “the voyage” provides an ideal way to organize this cultural history of voyageur identity. This group of all-male sojourners were labeled as “travelers,” ﬁrst among French speakers and after the 1763 conquest among English-speaking clerks and bourgeois. Although the Oxford English Dictionary dates the ﬁrst usage of voyageur in an English-language text as trader John McDonell’s 1793 chronicle of a journey from Montreal to Grand Portage, the sense of the word was widespread among participants in the Montreal trade throughout its history.
One group of 250 transported goods from Montreal to Grand Portage, the administrative center at the western tip of Lake Superior. They used canoes capable of carrying about four tonnes, and each required eight to ten men to operate. These seasonally employed summer men were known as mangeurs de lard, or pork eaters. The other group of 250 men transported goods from Lake Superior to the posts in the interior country, some as far as three thousand miles distant. 30 Jean Mongle graduated from pork eater to northman after his ﬁrst year(s) in the trade.
Making the Voyageur World: Travelers and Traders in the North American Fur Trade (France Overseas: Studies in Empire and D) by Carolyn Podruchny