By Victor Hugo
Translated through Lee Fahnestock and Norman MacAfee
Afterword by means of Chris Bohjalian
Introducing essentially the most well-known characters in literature, Jean Valjean—the noble peasant imprisoned for stealing a loaf of bread—Les Misérables ranks one of the maximum novels of all time. In it, Victor Hugo takes readers deep into the Parisian underworld, immerses them in a conflict among solid and evil, and contains them to the barricades through the rebellion of 1832 with a panoramic realism that's unsurpassed in glossy prose. inside of his dramatic tale are topics that trap the mind and the sentiments: crime and punishment, the relentless persecution of Valjean via Inspector Javert, the desperation of the prostitute Fantine, the amorality of the rogue Thénardier, and the common wish to get away the prisons of our personal minds. Les Misérables gave Victor Hugo a canvas upon which he portrayed his feedback of the French political and judicial structures, however the portrait that resulted is bigger than existence, epic in scope—an extravagant spectacle that dazzles the senses at the same time it touches the heart.
This Signet Classics version is the one thoroughly unabridged paperback variation on hand this present day.
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Extra resources for Les Miserables
They speak of human rights, not the human race. They advocate for women’s health and women’s schooling, voluntary humancapital improvements. Educating women about health not only reduces maternal ailments and child mortality but also increases the eﬀectiveness of any method of birth control. ” Once parents are truly planning their families, economists point out, they are likely to consider “opportunity costs,” what they give up in order to bear, nurse, and nurture each child. When a society improves a woman’s job prospects and/or schooling, it increases the “productive value” of her time.
131 At ﬁrst donor funded, Grameen Bank has been self-sustaining since 1995. Its clients buy chickens, goats, and inventory for roadside stands (and even begging); in one of the bank’s most successful projects, women lease cell phones, which they share for a fee, bringing telecommunication ser vices to isolated areas. Once borrowers have a track record, the bank will advance larger sums, including home and education loans. Because women plow their beneﬁts back into their families, Grameen loans have a tremendous ripple eﬀect, and studies have shown borrowers are more likely to vote, to bear fewer children, and to have a say in household decisions.
106 At the other end of the HDI, aﬄuent, egalitarian Sweden has served as the poster child for the welfare state. There the government levies high income and inheritance taxes in order to provide or subsidize beneﬁts, some of them universal (health care, child care, parental leave and allowances, pensions for the elderly) and some based on economic need (housing, sick pay, disability support, unemployment pay). 108 Canada and the United States practice strict workfare, requiring the able-bodied to work, the goal being to wean them oﬀ public aid.
Les Miserables by Victor Hugo