By Richard Sims

ISBN-10: 1850654476

ISBN-13: 9781850654476

From the again cover:

Modern Japan's political heritage has been eventful and turbulent. the rustic remodeled itself from a decentralised feudal regime right into a modernising countryside, which then deviated from that direction within the Nineteen Thirties in the direction of militarism, fascism and pan-Asianism, a path which ended in the Pacific struggle after which to defeat, career and the imposition of an absolutely democratic constitution.
This publication explores the Meiji maintenance (conventionally yet misleadingly termed Restoration); the rules of the samurai modernisers who ruled the Meiji executive; the speedy visual appeal of liberal political events; the advent of a German-style structure and the evolution of a 'politics of compromise' out of the early parliamentary clash; the broadening of political job and awareness with the arriving of 'Taisho democracy'; the renewed and occasionally fanatical emphasis on nationwide team spirit within the Thirties; the wartime adjustments within the political method; the novel postwar reforms and the 'reverse course'; the 4 a long time of Liberal Democratic occasion dominance after the profession; and the shake-up of eastern politics in the course of the 1990s.
No different paintings has lined eastern political heritage due to the fact that 1868 in such element, and the current quantity fills the distance among normal histories of recent Japan and the monographic literature.
RICHARD SIMS has taught sleek eastern heritage on the university of Oriental and African reports, collage of London, on account that 1966. His past books comprise smooth Japan (1973) and French coverage in the direction of the Bakufu and Meiji Japan, 1854-1895 (1998).

Table of Contents:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
ILLUSTRATIONS
PREFACE
GLOSSARY
A notice ON jap NAMES
THE altering price OF THE YEN
1. THE MEIJI RENOVATION
Japan within the mid-nineteenth century
The reasons of the Meiji Ishin
The institution and consolidation of the Meiji government
Obstacles to centralising reform
The abolition of feudal domains
The acceleration of modernisation
Political department and the 1873 governmental crisis
The ascendancy of Okubo
The disestablishment of the samurai and the Satsuma rebellion
The personality of the Meiji government
2. THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE MEIJI nation AND the expansion OF POLITICAL competition, 1878-90
The consolidation of the Meiji state
The People's Rights movement
The 1881 political crisis
The first nationwide political parties
The People's Rights circulation within the 1880s
The Meiji government's reaction to the People's Rights movement
3. THE CONSTITUTIONAL test AND the start OF COMPROMISE POLITICS, 1890-1905
The first vitamin sessions
The Ito cupboard and the Jiyuto
The 1898 deadlock and the Kenseito cabinet
The Yamagata cupboard and the Kenseito
The formation of the Seiyukai
Politics less than the 1st Katsura cabinet
The Hibiya Park riots
The declining function of the elder statesmen
4. POLITICAL social gathering CONSOLIDATION, OLIGARCHIC response AND THE EMERGENCE of latest FORCES, 1905-18
The political technique of Hara Takashi
The moment Katsura cupboard and the Seiyukai
The moment Saionji cupboard and the demise of the Emperor
The Taisho political crisis
The social and ideological historical past of the Taisho political crisis
The aftermath of the Taisho political crisis
The Okuma cupboard and the increase of the Doshikai
The Terauchi cupboard and the resurgence of the Seiyukai
The rice riots and the Hara cabinet
5. celebration cupboards, RADICAL routine AND THE cave in OF TAISHO DEMOCRACY, 1918-32
The post-war ferment
The rules of the Hara cabinet
Seiyukai disunity and non-party cabinets
Reform and response lower than the Kato cabinet
The Wakatsuki cupboard and its difficulties
Formation of the Minseito and the 1928 election
The repressive rules and political problems of the Tanaka cabinet
Financial retrenchment and the Naval barriers controversy
The melancholy and screw ups of the Minseito cabinet
Military subversion and the Mukden Incident
The cave in of the second one Wakatsuki cabinet
The Inukai cupboard and the might fifteenth Incident
The weaknesses of political parties
'Taisho Democracy' and the recent social movements
Left-wing political parties
6. THE PURSUIT OF larger nationwide team spirit AND THE conflict kingdom, 1932-45
The upsurge of fundamentalist nationalism
The divisions inside jap ultranationalism
The Saito cabinet
The Okada cupboard and the Minobe affair
Factional fight within the army
The February twenty sixth Incident
The raise in army impact on government
The partial celebration revival and the Hayashi cabinet
The first Konoe cupboard and the China Incident
The Hiranuma and Abe cabinets
The Yonai cupboard and the hot celebration movement
Konoe and the hot political structure
The emasculation of the recent structure
Politics and overseas coverage in 1941
Tojo, the 1942 election and war-time politics
The development of competition to Tojo
The Koiso and Suzuki cupboards and the peace party
The selection to surrender
7. THE POST-WAR RESHAPING OF eastern POLITICS, 1945-52
Conservative expectancies and preliminary profession policy
Constitutional reform
The revival of political parties
The 1946 election and the purge of Hatoyama
The first Yoshida cupboard and the problem of the Left
Socialist-led coalition government
The swap in American coverage and the go back to conservative control
The finish of the Occupation
8. THE '1955 method' AND THE period OF L.D.P. DOMINANCE, 1952-93
The endurance of yankee influence
Conservative department and Yoshida's ousting
Socialist merger and the formation of the Liberal Democratic Party
The Hatoyama cupboard and the response opposed to the Occupation
Kishi's upward thrust to power
Kishi and safety Treaty revision
Political conciliation and monetary development below Ikeda
The Sato cupboard and political switch within the 1960s
The retrocession of Okinawa
Relations with China and the tip of the Sato cabinet
The Tanaka cabinet's goals and setbacks
The Miki cupboard and the stumbling blocks to political reform
The Lockheed scandal and the Fukuda cabinet
LDP factional clash and the Ohira cabinet's lack of a nutrition majority
The conservative revival
The Suzuki cupboard and administrative reform
Nakasone's new approach
The Liberal Democratic Party's 1986 election success
Introduction of the intake tax
The Recruit scandal and the cave in of the Takeshita and Uno cabinets
The cave in of the 'bubble economic climate' and the effect of the Gulf Crisis
The Sagawa scandal and the Liberal Democratic Party's fall from power
The purposes for the LDP's lengthy dominance
9. THE SHAKE-UP OF eastern POLITICS, 1993-2000
The Hosokawa coalition and its reform measures
The conservative-Social Democratic coalition, 1994-6
The New Frontier social gathering and the 1996 election
The Hashimoto cupboard and the LDP setback in 1998
The Obuchi cupboard and the LDP-Liberal Party-Komeito coalition
The jap political scenario firstly of the twenty-first century
BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Extra info for Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000

Example text

Admittedly, the eight departments of state were re­ duced to five :- for Shinto religion, justice, finance, and military and foreign affairs - but the deliberative assembly of samurai who represented their han in Kyoto underwent only slight modification (and certainly no increase in its purely consultative powers) . At other levels, however, the changes were more significant. The number The establishment and consolidation of the Meiji government 17 of Gijo and Sanyo (senior and junior councillors) , among whom were to be found most of the influential figures in the government, was drastically reduced, thus concentrating the leadership into fewer hands, and the number of han from which samurai council­ lors were drawn was also diminished.

Closer study, however, revealed that the urban merchants were mostly not involved in the over­ throw of the Bakufu. Their interests, it is now held, were bound up with feudal rulers to whom most of them were creditors; and if daimyo and Bakufu were often slow to repay loans, the Meiji government soon went further by formally repudiating most of the debts incurred before 1868. Moreover, the urban merchants' lack of interest in freeing themselves from feudal restraints was shown The causes of the Meiji Ishin 7 by their slowness to engage in modern industry or foreign trade, when this was encouraged by the new regime.

During the nineteenth century new sects with roots in popular religious beliefs such as shamanism were spreading in rural areas. At the same time education was becoming more widespread. By 1 850 there were about 1 0,000 schools (often one-teacher village schools) in Japan, and nearly half of all Japanese males (and about one in seven females) were literate. Such intellectual and social developments did not pose any immediate threat to the political system. But feudal government, with its heavy dependence on agricultural taxes, found it difficult to adjust to the growth of a vigorous commercial economy.

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Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000 by Richard Sims


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