By Brian Woodall
In 1987, Japan excluded American companies from bidding at the multibillion-dollar New Kansai overseas Airport, sparking yet one more exchange dispute among the us and Japan. The kingdom division, Congress, and the President himself have been stuck up within the dispute, which nonetheless smolders even after Congress handed a threatening solution to retaliate. Scandal after scandal--both family and international--splashes throughout headlines in Japan, producing wave after wave of makes an attempt at reform. Why is that this so rife with bid-rigging, collusion, and pork-barrel politics? What are the political forces at the back of the undefined? Brian Woodall solutions those questions during this e-book, in keeping with vast learn and over 100 candid and revealing interviews with contractors, organization officers, public works bureaucrats, elected politicians and aides, political celebration officers, reporters, and scholars.This within view starts off with a profile of the institutionalized procedure of bid-rigging within the public development industry. It explores the robust positions of unelected bureaucrats, who're frequently employed through private-sector agencies after retirement. profession politicians in the Liberal Democratic occasion are published to exploit the development to take advantage of celebration factions towards their very own electoral ends. fresh events--the Sagawa affair and the large "general contractors" (zenekon) scandal in addition to the political reform pursuits that them--are tested intimately. all through, Brian Woodall illuminates the development rift among Japan and the us and demonstrates how overseas pressures have been subverted in the shadowy family system.Japan lower than building is needs to interpreting for an individual attracted to eastern politics, United States-Japan exchange kin, and political corruption and reform wherever on the planet.
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Additional info for Japan under Construction: Corruption, Politics, and Public Works
In the case of MOC officials, the protagonist of this chapter, it is essential to undrstand the contrasting purposes and perspectives of two distinct " species" of publics works bureaucrats, the generalist and the technical specialist. S. pressure to pry open Japan's construction market endagered the interest of both species of public works bureaucrats, it was more threatening to the security of the technical specialist' livelihood— particularly to the future of the engineers who provide design services.
In this way, the procurement system limits potential conspirators on a project to the small pool of designated bidders. Not surprisingly, construction contractors and their political patrons, who staunchly seek to limit the number of firms designated to submit bids, value this institutional apparatus. When the government doubled the number of firms invited to bid, in response to a media campaign following a 1981 bid-rigging scandal in Shizuoka Prefecture, pressure groups in the construction industry immediately initiated efforts to reverse the policy.
58 ― Two Ladders to the Top The story of how the technical specialists came to alternate with generalists in occupying MOC's foremost leadership position is enlightening. Before World War II technical officials in the Civil Engineering Bureau were not promoted above the rank of section chief in the ministry's headquarters or head of the civil engineering department in its prefectural branches. The clique of Todai Law Faculty graduates, particularly those in the powerful River Section, repeatedly fended off the efforts of specialists to achieve loftier posts.
Japan under Construction: Corruption, Politics, and Public Works by Brian Woodall