By Mario Klarer
In this vintage beginner's consultant to English literature, Mario Klarer bargains a concise and available dialogue of important concerns within the examine of literary texts, having a look at:
- definitions of key words equivalent to literature and text
- the genres of fiction, poetry, drama, and film
- periods and classifications of literature
- theoretical ways to texts
- the use of secondary resources
- guidelines for writing learn essays
The new and improved version is absolutely up to date to include:
- a wider variety of textual examples from global literature
- additional references to modern cinema, a bit on comparative literature
- an prolonged survey of literary classes and genres
- recent adjustments in MLA guidelines
- information on state of the art quotation administration software
- the use and abuse of on-line resources.
The booklet additionally good points feedback for extra analyzing in addition to an intensive thesaurus of key terms.
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Extra resources for Introduction to Literary Studies
15 The following poem from 1916 is practical example of imagism: IN A STATION OF THE METRO The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough. This poem was preceded by several longer versions until Pound reduced it to three stanzas by using an expressionistic wordpicture for the portrayal of the crowds in a metro station. He starts with the people in the darkness of the station and then equates them with “Petals on a wet, black bough” (see metaphor). By using a pictorial element which is at the same time a common theme in Chinese nature painting, Pound emphasizes the pictorial character of his poem.
The simultaneous projection of different perspectives in the characterization of a figure is a central concern of cubist art, which also tries to represent an object as seen from a number of perspectives in space simultaneously. This example once again highlights the fact that the various levels of fiction, including plot, setting, point of view and characters, tend to receive full meaning through their interaction with one another. In the interpretation of literary texts, it is therefore important to see these structural elements not as selfcontained and isolated entities, but rather as interdependent elements whose full meaning is only revealed in the context of the other features and overall content of the text.
8 MAJOR GENRES IN TEXTUAL STUDIES 23 This example shows how a particular point of view can be rendered through different modes of presentation. In the above passage, direct speech and mental reflections are employed to reveal the action through the perspective of the protagonist. In contrast to an omniscient point of view, this form of third person narrative is bound to the perspective of a figure who is also part of the action. If a text shifts the emphasis from exterior aspects of the plot to the inner world of a character, its narrative technique is usually referred to as stream of consciousness technique.
Introduction to Literary Studies by Mario Klarer