By Marcel van Marion

ISBN-10: 3319003917

ISBN-13: 9783319003917

ISBN-10: 3319003925

ISBN-13: 9783319003924

Trade coverage has performed an essential position within the decline of ecu electronics enterprise. The occasions that ended in the disappearance of the ecu tv undefined, of a eu and eastern video recorder structure and of alternative ecu patron electronics are without delay with regards to marketplace constructions in exporting international locations and company practices. during this ebook, actual company facts indicates and financial versions clarify how restrictive exchange practices lead to removing of effective opponents in export markets. It offers with the memorable case how a videocassette recorder structure used to be validated by way of dumping and the way politics enabled it. An cutting edge tariff bring up for CD avid gamers was once invalidated by means of heavy dumping, inflicting closure of creation in Europe. ecu CTV succumbed below everlasting dumping and a sequence of biases – because the curiosity of a state-owned corporation – and severe mistakes making exchange tools void and ideas irreconcilable with foreign agreements. useful and theoretical examples and reasons, a few intimately, of alternate principles are supplied. The e-book sketches occasions – carelessness, prejudice or certain pursuits, arbitrary and fake software of alternate tools and fraud – leading to disappearance of assorted eu electronics company segments.

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Sample text

One condition of the license was an allowance to sell abroad a quantity of sets with a diagonal screen of 20 in. and above equal to the volume they sold in a domestic market. Japanese companies, of course, sold NTSC and not PAL sets on the domestic market. As a consequence, Japanese companies could not export large PAL screen sets to Europe. 2 Benefits and Luxury of a Benelux Agreement 15 at least in Northern Europe, consisted mainly of sets of 20 in. e. medium and large screen sets, and in France and Italy there were the QRs.

Rather than let industry make use of legal means available, United States government agencies pre-empted legal actions and measures, thereby depriving United States industry from its legal instruments. Instead the United States came to 4 5 Source: Electronics Industry of Japan (EIAJ) Survey. Data from EIAJ and Japan Tariffs Association. 8 2 Limitations of Voluntary Restraints terms with the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in 1977, which involved an orderly marketing arrangement.

This time the delegation returned home with a wonder: a great success again. This chairman of the delegation announced that the Benelux had successfully concluded a “tacit voluntary self-restraint gentlemen’s agreement” with MITI. The tacit and the gentleman-like nature of the agreement put it beyond all doubt; nobody could possibly discuss either its existence or its content. The advantage of the tacit nature of the agreement was that, as long as it remained tacit, the European Commission could not take action against it.

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International Trade Policy and European Industry: The Case of the Electronics Business by Marcel van Marion


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