By Hedley Bull, Benedict Kingsbury, Adam Roberts
Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), "the miracle of Holland," used to be recognized as a baby prodigy, theologian, historian, Dutch political determine, escaped political prisoner, and eventually as Sweden's Ambassador to France. Addressing his contribution to diplomacy, this publication severely reappraises Grotius' inspiration, evaluating it to his predecessors and interpreting it within the context of the wars and controversies of his time. the gathering illuminates enduring difficulties of diplomacy: the character of foreign society and its associations, the equality of states, restraints in warfare, collective safeguard, army intervention, the rights of the contributors, and the legislation of the ocean.
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Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), "the miracle of Holland," used to be well-known as a toddler prodigy, theologian, historian, Dutch political determine, escaped political prisoner, and at last as Sweden's Ambassador to France. Addressing his contribution to diplomacy, this publication severely reappraises Grotius' idea, evaluating it to his predecessors and interpreting it within the context of the wars and controversies of his time.
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Additional info for Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Clarendon Paperbacks)
The formal separation of jus in bello from jus ad bellum—and the effective discarding of the latter for practical purposes—is rendered explicit in Vattel's Droit des Gens (1758). 64 In addition to jus in bello, Grotius also dealt extensively with issues relating to the inception and conclusion of wars, including self-defence as a justiﬁcation for war and obligations of justice in the conclusion of wars. 66 The UN Charter completes the 64 Vattel, Le Droit des gens, trans. Joseph Chitty (London, 1834), book 65 The formalities for a just war were also necessary, even where it was being waged in self-defence.
Vitoria, for instance emphasized: the obligation to see that greater evils do not arise out of the war than the war would avert. For if little effect upon the ultimate issue of the war is to be expected from the storming of a fortress or fortiﬁed town wherein are many innocent folk, it would not be right, for the purpose of assailing a few guilty, to slay the many innocent by use of ﬁre or engines of war or other means likely to overwhelm indifferently both innocent and guilty. 57 Grotius made the observance of jus in bello a more central feature of the requirements of just war doctrine.
38 On the concept of the state in JBP see Richard Tuck, Natural Rights Theories: Their Origin and Development (Cambridge, 1979), pp. 77–80. ’ JBP, book II , chap. 20, § 47. 14 BENEDICT KINGSBURY AND ADAM ROBERTS extent to which Grotius or modern proponents of international society have seen tolerance as an intrinsically desirable value for international society rather than as simply an instrumental necessity, it is clear that a pragmatic tolerance of diversity within an overall structure of values embodied in international society has likewise been an important feature of the theory and practice of international relations since 1945.
Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Clarendon Paperbacks) by Hedley Bull, Benedict Kingsbury, Adam Roberts