By Erich Frauwallner

ISBN-10: 8120809882

ISBN-13: 9788120809888

ISBN-10: 8120809890

ISBN-13: 9788120809895

The 1st quantity is dedicated to the oldest interval of Indian Philosophy from the start to the top of the 1st millennium after Christ. It embraces the philosophy of the Veda and the epic, the Buddha and the Jina, the Sankhya and the classical Yoga method. quantity II units forth the presentation of the nature_philosophical schools_the Vaisesika and Jaina structures and the platforms of Lokayatas, Kautilya and different materialists.

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And it is the Soul which stands above all sense-organs. g. seeing affects the organ of taste and causes secretion of saliva. I t proves the existence of a central factor which connects the activities of the sense-organs with one another. And this central factor is the Soul. Thus conti­ nually new proofs for the existence of the Soul are enlisted and that continued during the whole hi story of the Vaise�ika. As the Category-Theory was created and the whole system was re­ modelled after it, new proofs based on the category-theory were put forth and the progress of logic reflects itself in the different formulations of the proof.

Because all these qualities are firmly established in the bodies of men, animals as well as of plants, it follows therefrum that all the elements also must be present in them. This was the authoritative proof of the doctrine in the Epic and it has remained so in the later period. This proof, however, was soon considered weak by the Vaise�ika, as it was based on a series of th e qualities of th'e elements which very soon fell in the background in the Vai�e�ika and as we shall see later, entirely given up by them.

But according to the doctrine of the nature-philosophical schools the soul is also a doer and is as much the cause of total human actions and behaviour. This part of psychical occurrences was also included in the sphere of consideration. A distinction, first of all, was made between the conscious and unconscious actions of men. The first is dependent on the will and rests upon the desires (icchti) and aversion (dve,rab ) . Under the second category, were understood mere life-expressi­ ons or life-forces which were also traced to the activity of the soul.

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History of Indian philosophy by Erich Frauwallner

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