By Douglas L. Wheeler

ISBN-10: 0810860880

ISBN-13: 9780810860889

ISBN-10: 0810870754

ISBN-13: 9780810870758

Portugal is a small Western ecu state with a wide, distinct prior replete with either triumph and tragedy. one of many continent's oldest geographical regions, Portugal has frontiers which are basically unchanged because the overdue 14th century. The country's distinct personality and 850-year historical past as an self sufficient country current a number of curious paradoxes. As of 1974, while a lot of the rest of the Portuguese in a foreign country empire used to be decolonized, Portuguese society seemed to be the main ethnically homogeneous of the 2 Iberian states and of a lot of Europe. This, even though Portuguese society had obtained in the course of 2,000 years of infusions of alternative ethnic teams in invasions and immigration: Phoenicians, Greeks, Celts, Romans, Suevi, Visigoths, Muslims (Arab and Berber), Jews, Italians, Flemings, Burgundian French, black Africans, and Asians. certainly, Portugal has been a crossroads, regardless of its relative isolation within the western nook of the Iberian Peninsula, among the West and North Africa, Tropical Africa, and Asia and the USA. for the reason that 1974, Portugal's society has turn into much less homogeneous as there was major immigration of former matters from her erstwhile out of the country empire.The 3rd variation of historic Dictionary of Portugal enormously expands at the moment variation via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and enormous quantities of cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital folks, areas, occasions, and associations, in addition to on major political, fiscal, social, and cultural points.

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The leader of the PS, José Sócrates became prime minister on 12 March 2005. In the regularly scheduled presidential elections held on 6 January 2006, the former leader of the PSD and prime minister, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, won a narrow victory and became president on 9 March 2006. With a mass protest, public teachers’ strike, and street demonstrations in March 2008, Portugal’s media, educational, and social systems experienced more severe pressures. With the spreading global recession beginning in September 2008, Portugal’s economic and financial systems became more troubled.

With the spreading global recession beginning in September 2008, Portugal’s economic and financial systems became more troubled. Contemporary Portugal Owing to its geographic location on the southwestern most edge of continental Europe, Portugal has been historically in but not of Europe. Almost from the beginning of its existence in the 12th century as an independent monarchy, Portugal turned its back on Europe and oriented itself toward the Atlantic Ocean.

With the passing of the Estado Novo, public euphoria INTRODUCTION • 21 burst forth as the new provisional military government proclaimed the freedoms of speech, press, and assembly, and abolished censorship, the political police, the Portuguese Legion, Portuguese Youth, and other New State organizations, including the National Union. Scores of political parties were born and joined the senior political party, the Portuguese Community Party (PCP), and the Socialist Party (PS), founded shortly before the coup.

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Historical Dictionary of Portugal (Historical Dictionaries of Europe) by Douglas L. Wheeler


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