By Jeremy Black
This well timed ebook presents a common evaluate of significant strength politics and international order from 1500 to the current. Jeremy Black offers numerous ancient case-studies, every one of which throws gentle on either the ability in query and the foreign method of the interval, and the way it had constructed from the previous interval.
The element of departure for this ebook is Paul Kennedy’s 1988 masterpiece, The upward thrust and Fall of the nice Powers. That iconic booklet, with its enviable mastery of the resources and its skilful integration of political, army and fiscal historical past, was once an outstanding luck whilst it seemed and has justifiably remained very important considering the fact that. Written through the chilly warfare, despite the fact that, Kennedy’s research used to be greatly of its time in its attention of the nice powers in ‘Western’ phrases, and its emphasis on economics. This e-book brings jointly strategic reports, diplomacy, army background and geopolitics to respond to a few of the modern questions left open through Professor Kennedy's nice paintings, and in addition seems to the way forward for nice energy relatives and folks hegemony.
Great Powers and the hunt for Hegemony might be of serious curiosity to scholars of diplomacy, strategic reports and overseas history.
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Additional resources for Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony: The World Order Since 1500
Racial self-confidence might be seriously flawed, as was shown in 1942 when British views about the Japanese were exposed as seriously inaccurate, with repeated British defeats, in particular in Malaya, Singapore and Burma, and also at sea and again with German assumptions in 1941–5 about the Soviets. Nevertheless, however flawed, such assumptions were an aspect of assessments of relative power. This is the case both with domestic and with international support for such assumptions. The degree to which this remains the case is unclear, but resonances include critical, if not hostile, American, Israeli and Iranian views of Arabs.
Aside from appointing commanders on talent not blood-right and uniting the nomadic tribes into a single force, the Mongol tidal-wave method of conquest was especially effective: they invaded and devastated a large region but then withdrew and held only a small section of territory. The Mongols thus created a buffer zone that made it impossible to attack them and also weakened the enemy’s resources. Also, by only occupying small chunks of territory, they did not tie down troops in garrison duty.
Alongside the contrast between the West and the non-West can come a consideration of important variations among the latter. Conventionally, China was contrasted with such powers as the Ottoman Empire, with an argument that Chinese culture did not put an emphasis on force. However, traditional suppositions about Chinese political culture can be rethought by noting a persistent role of force in Chinese history. It is too easy, therefore, to push a contrast between China and post-Roman Europe, with the former presented as more pacific.
Great Powers and the Quest for Hegemony: The World Order Since 1500 by Jeremy Black