By Leon E. Rosenberg M.D. (auth.), Aubrey Milunsky MB.B.Ch., D.Sc., F.R.C.P, D.C.H., George J. Annas J.D., M.P.H. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1468449524

ISBN-13: 9781468449525

ISBN-10: 1468449540

ISBN-13: 9781468449549

It was once the easiest of occasions, it used to be the worst of instances, it used to be the age of knowledge, it was once the age of foolishness, it was once the epoch of trust, it used to be the epoch of incredulity, ... it was once the spring of wish, it used to be the iciness of melancholy. . . . -Charles Dickens, A story of 2 towns Dickens, after all, didn't have the modern dilemmas of recent genetics in brain. certainly, we have to remind ourselves how brief the heritage of contemporary genetics relatively is. popularity that genetic qualities are carried through deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) happened purely approximately forty years in the past. wisdom of the third-dimensional constitution of DNA is barely approximately 30 years previous. the proper variety of human chromosomes used to be no longer deter­ mined till the mid-1950s, and Down syndrome was once well-known simply in 1959. It was once no longer till in 1968 that the precise position of a gene was firm on an autosomal chromo­ a few, and the learn of genes, instead of their protein items, has been attainable for slightly a decade.

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When the Hippocratic warning was formulated, there was little of benefit that medicine could offer; today, despite the large areas of ignorance and limited technology that remain, medicine can make a great deal of difference-for the good-for many very sick patients. " In my view, it is wrong to suggest that safety lies in inactivity-for as protective as that may seem for those who have the genetic lottery on their side, it is a safety bought at the expense of those deprived of a chance for a better life through a creative use of the new genetics.

B. S. Haldane pointed out many years ago, even a change in the tax structure affects the gene pool of the next generation if it has any effect on the differential fertility of different individuals. Now, let's take the example of someone with hemophilia who ordinarily would not have children. If you get a somatic cure in that person and that person is quite healthy, then there is every reason to expect that that person will be more likely to have progeny than otherwise, and that those progeny will carry the gene for hemophilia.

Basic and applied research are conducted by individuals who work concurrently in corporate settings and academic institutions. Sometimes, it is difficult to say whether a particular project conducted in either setting is basic or applied. I review research protocols as a member of the biosafety committee of a company and have difficulty distinguishing basic from applied research. The distinction may be largely a matter of intent. Whether or not a scientist is working on a project from a desire to understand the physical universe or from a desire to develop a patentable item cannot be determined solely by the nature of the research.

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Genetics and the Law III by Leon E. Rosenberg M.D. (auth.), Aubrey Milunsky MB.B.Ch., D.Sc., F.R.C.P, D.C.H., George J. Annas J.D., M.P.H. (eds.)

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