By Edward Hampshire
Exploring British naval coverage through the first governments of Harold Wilson (1964-70), this e-book analyses how the military division of the Ministry of Defence and the Navy's expert management handled six years of defence studies, retrenchment and strategic re-orientation. this era witnessed a dramatic blow to the service's self picture and self esteem due to the cancellation of the massive CVA-01 plane provider, and a gentle strategy of realignment, reorientation and edition to the replaced political atmosphere, leading to a restoration of self-confidence, a brand new approach and the approval in precept of a category of small plane carriers.Taking good thing about the lately published reliable files, the examine highlights for the 1st time simply how in perform Mountbatten controlled to dominate the Chiefs of employees equipment, and the way his energy used to be undermined and decreased. It additionally demonstrates that, opposite to vast unfold old opinion, Denis Healey used to be no longer inevitably set opposed to provider air strength from his arrival in workplace and was once prepared to contemplate the procurement of a medium service for the army. additionally, the paintings highlights the significance of the Mediterranean within the rehabilitation and renewal of self-confidence by means of the army within the past due 1960s.Although focusing totally on coverage and strategic concerns, the booklet comprises wider historic attention, reviewing different elements that stimulated policy-making akin to international coverage, monetary assets, materiel, manpower and recruitment, as well as the executive equipment and the cultural surroundings of the time. In so doing, Dr Hampshire bargains a vibrant perception into the interactions of presidency and armed forces at a severe juncture within the altering nature of Britain's international function.
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Additional resources for From East of Suez to the Eastern Atlantic: British Naval Policy 1964-70
The immediate post-war years saw a burst of creativity by naval pilots, with three major innovations (see below) helping to make the use of jet aircraft practical on board aircraft carriers. The RAF had also emerged from the war having proved itself in the eyes of the public, not only in the air defence of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain, but also in the popular (but only partially effective) strategic bombing campaign. The explosion of the first British nuclear bombs in 1952 also gave the RAF responsibility for deploying the most potent weapon available, the epitome of the war-winning ‘strategic bombing’ weapon.
Design work had been in progress for some time on the successors to the County and Leander classes. The Type 82, which had been under development for some years, had been designed around the Sea Dart antiaircraft and Ikara anti-submarine missile systems, and had grown to be close in size to the County class. The Type 82 was envisaged as the main fleet escort for the CVA-01 carrier, and the naval leadership was seeking to have the design approved and ordered alongside the new carrier. The Type 19 frigate was envisaged as a minimum ocean-going escort with a small crew and light armament for East of Suez patrol and ‘flag-showing’ duties.
Now, all the civil servants in the new Ministry of Defence would report not to the service boards, but to the Permanent Secretary of the whole Ministry of Defence, who formally reported to the Secretary of State. 39 In the period under analysis one of the key areas of contest between the military and civilian was the right to advise on military matters to government ministers. Traditionally this could only be undertaken by servicemen in staff positions on the rationale that only the military had the knowledge and expertise to advise on military matters.
From East of Suez to the Eastern Atlantic: British Naval Policy 1964-70 by Edward Hampshire