By J. E. Kaufmann
Between the area wars, France developed an unlimited and complicated array of defenses designed to avoid German forces from penetrating the French heartland as that they had in the course of international conflict I. between those was once the well-known Maginot Line, the final of the good gun-bearing fortifications, yet France additionally equipped defenses alongside its coasts and in its territories in North Africa. absolutely illustrated with images, maps, and drawings, citadel France describes the layout and building of those fortifications, discusses French shielding doctrine and method, and explains why those efforts proved not able to prevent the German assault within the spring of 1940.
Read Online or Download Fortress France The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II PDF
Best strategy books
The idea that of a legionary citadel as an enduring constitution dates from the reign of Augustus (27 BCâ€"AD 14). it is just from that point that we discover a status military dispensed round the empire, and their everlasting fortresses built from the transitority box fortifications of the legions on crusade.
The straightforward castles raised after the Norman conquest have been built all through eleventh and twelfth centuries, when the creation of Islamic and Byzantine fortification options from the overdue twelfth century resulted in additional advancements in fort structure. those fortifications have been to be good demonstrated during the process the thirteenth century as England was once riven by means of the clash, characterised through lengthy sieges, among the monarchy and robust magnates.
On 15 March 1781, the armies of Nathanael Greene and Lord Charles Cornwallis fought one of many bloodiest and so much extreme engagements of the yank Revolution on the Guilford Courthouse in piedmont North Carolina. even if effective, Cornwallis declared the conquest of the Carolinas most unlikely. He made the fateful selection to march into Virginia, finally top his military to the Yorktown quit and clearing the best way for American independence.
A finished and sensible, step by step consultant to pricing research and approach improvement. the method and strategies of Pricing indicates readers find out how to deal with markets strategically–rather than just calculate pricing in response to product and profit–in order to enhance their competitiveness and the profitability in their deals.
- Strategy and Ethnocentrism
- The Marshall Islands 1944: ''Operation Flintlock, the capture of Kwajalein and Eniwetok''
- From Passion to Profit: A Step-By-Step Guide to Making Money from Your Hobby by Selling Online
- The Men Who Would Be Kings (Colonial Wargaming Rules)
- Left of Bang: How the Marine Corps' Combat Hunter Program Can Save Your Life
- Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia
Extra resources for Fortress France The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II
As Maginot stood before Parliament, he pointed out that the Versailles Treaty did not guarantee the security of a nation that had suffered more than a dozen destructive invasions in half as many centuries. He went on to warn that France must be prepared to defend itself. Maginot served as minister of war from 1922 to 1924 when the CDT met and he strove to spur to action. When Painleve became minister of war, Maginot became president of the Parliamentary Army Commission, and the two worked well together.
Tomasz Idzikowski] men's entrance (entree des hommes, EH). In a few GOs, a single mixed entrance served both men and munitions. There are two basic types of EMs: Type A for handling rail cars from the military railway, especially laid out to serve it, and Type B for trucks. Type A could also accommodate trucks. A fosse protects the EM's exposed facade; its name, fosse diamant (diamond moat), is derived from its distinctive angular shape. Machine gun and A T gun positions behind the moat covered the entrance.
CORF formulated the building standards, such as concrete thickness and components of the fortifications and allocated the resources. The STG, on the other hand, translated the building standards of CORF into master blueprints that were sent to the regional commands of the Genie (Engineers) of the various directorates in each of the military regions of France destined to receive the new fortifications. In the RF of Metz, this was the Direction des Travaux de Fortification (Directorate for Fortification Construction, DTF) of the 6C1 Military Region located at Metz.
Fortress France The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II by J. E. Kaufmann