By Thomas J. Misa

ISBN-10: 1421418681

ISBN-13: 9781421418681

Since 2000, the nationwide technological know-how beginning has depended upon its pioneering FastLane e-government approach to control supply functions, peer stories, and reporting. during this behind-the-scenes account Thomas J. Misa and Jeffrey R. Yost study how robust forces of technological know-how and computing got here jointly to create this influential grant-management method, assessing its impression on state of the art clinical research.

Why did the NSF create FastLane, and the way did it count on the improvement of web-based e-commerce? What technical demanding situations did the glitch-prone early process current? Did the change to digital furnish proposals drawback universities with fewer assets? and the way did the clinical group support form FastLane?

Foregrounding the adventure of computing device clients, the booklet attracts on countless numbers of interviews with clinical researchers, subsidized venture directors, NSF employees, and software program designers, builders, and managers.

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36 McLindon played a key role in computerizing NSF during the Bloch years, shaping the EXPRES research, and ultimately taking the steps that launched FastLane. To agency insiders, she is known as “the mother of the son of Fast- Origins of E-Government 31 Lane” for her guiding support of EXPRES. In several ways her advocacy of EXPRES and FastLane was a natural follow-on to her earlier work at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). In 1973, after she completed an army-sponsored accelerated master’s degree at American University and then worked briefly as a systems analyst, DARPA director Stephen Lukasik hired her to be the agency’s MIS (management information systems) director.

Site visits were an additional evaluative mechanism that program officers sometimes used. All of these means for peer review depended on the research community’s willingness to invest substantial time in reviewing, as well as on the program officers’ knowledge and judgment in arranging a complex process. Peer review, by whatever means it was conducted, effectively determined the fate of individual research proposals and accordingly shaped the future of scientific fields. For 25 years, until a storm of public controversies in the mid1970s, peer review was the routine and accepted means for assessing research proposals at NSF.

9 Their scheme, developed for the networked environment within CERN, a worldwide network of researchers and laboratories, aimed at building an information space for the far-flung community of highenergy physicists. The WWW’s open system of global addressing and common interface for accessing information, however, coupled to the open protocols of the Internet, meant that such a web-based scheme could expand far beyond any single professional community. The means to realize a “universal” information space were at hand.

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FastLane: Managing Science in the Internet World by Thomas J. Misa


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