By Denis Reale, Niels J. Dingemanse, Anahita J. N. Kazem, Jonathan Wright (eds.)
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Extra resources for Evolutionary and Ecological Approaches to the Study of Personality (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B)
Ecol. Lett. 10, 355–363. (doi:10. x) Stearns, S. C. 1992 The evolution of life histories. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Van Doorn, G. S. & Weissing, F. J. 2006 Sexual conflict and the evolution of female preferences for indicators of male quality. Am. Nat. 168, 742– 757. 1086/508634) Van Doorn, G. , Hengeveld, G. M. & Weissing, F. J. 2003a The evolution of social dominance—II: multi-player models. Behaviour 140, 1333–1358. 1163/ 156853903771980611) Van Doorn, G. , Hengeveld, G. M. & Weissing, F.
The time to reach the critical size is proportional to 1/g and so the probability of reaching the critical size increases as m/g decreases. For further discussion and examples, see Werner & Gilliam (1984), Houston et al. (1993), Houston (1998) and Brown & Kotler (2004). For example, assume that g ¼ auhðmÞ À mf ðmÞ; where auh(m) is the gross rate of energy intake and mf(m) is the rate of energy expenditure. The gross rate of intake depends on a parameter a that can represent the availability of food and on the animal’s foraging intensity u, which can be though of as the proportion of time that the animal spends foraging (cf.
There have been many theoretical treatments of optimal behaviour in these circumstances. The approach suggested by Gilliam (1982) is based on an animal having to grow to a critical Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2010) size before it can reproduce. The animal’s net rate of gain is g and its rate of mortality (often taken to be the result of predation) is m. Both of these can depend on size and behaviour. The time to reach the critical size is proportional to 1/g and so the probability of reaching the critical size increases as m/g decreases.
Evolutionary and Ecological Approaches to the Study of Personality (Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B) by Denis Reale, Niels J. Dingemanse, Anahita J. N. Kazem, Jonathan Wright (eds.)