By Tai Wei Lim
This quantity makes a speciality of the subject of strength transitions within the coal mining industries of China and Japan by means of adopting a Sino-Japanese comparative technique in quarter stories to ascertain the reports among the 2 significant East Asian economies. In China, quick industrialization ended in dramatic progress in strength call for and lots more and plenty of this strength call for was once fueled by way of cheap coal power. With turning out to be social matters concerning the atmosphere and an more and more vocal center type in modern China, the gurus and state-owned businesses are learning using coal fuels for its destiny improvement. In Japan, coal used to be additionally a cheap major resource of power for Japan’s early post-war heavy industrialization until eventually it was once progressively changed by way of oil within the Sixties. The oil shocks of the Nineteen Seventies forced Japan to appear for cleanser and less expensive fuels, together with nuclear energy. In those power transitions from coal to grease after which onto non-fossil fuels, the tale of coal energy in either international locations is highlighted during this e-book as a comparative examine. This quantity is an important contribution to the dialogue of China's strength reforms, and required examining for students of weather switch and society.
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Additional info for Energy Transitions in Japan and China: Mine Closures, Rail Developments, and Energy Narratives
Three points are important and relevant from this narrative. First, the multi-purpose deployment of the D51 is indicated in this caption at the museum and, second, its extensive use is visible from the distance travelled by this particular model which corroborates with the Ome Railway Park’s website information about the D51’s extensive run in Japan. Third, the D51 also plied the peripheral areas of Japan, including the northern region of Hokkaido (the Hokkaido and Sanin lines). Both Hokkaido and Kyushu in northern and southern Japan are coal rich.
In Japan, one major military consumer of coal in the early twentieth century was the navy. Japanese naval warships, like all other modern navies in the world, operated on coal until the 1920s and 1930s when there was a transition to oil use or simultaneous use of both coal and oil fuels on the same ships. Oil had the added advantage of having a higher calorific value than coal and it did not produce as much pollution and byproducts as coal fuels. In Fushun, Japan tried to overcome the shortage of oil by experimenting with the conversion of shale oil into liquid oil but ultimately this proved to be commercially unfeasible.
I was therefore interested to find out why this argument runs diachronically through the Chinese coal industry’s developmental history as well as looking at Chinese attempts to mitigate or resolve this conundrum. The factor of distance in discussions of coal railway development in China is a well-studied one. Some of the existing literature is examined below. A SURVEY OF MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY CHINA’S COAL RAILWAY... 3 Pre-modern usage of coal was limited to the surrounding areas of coal-bearing regions and coal use was mainly found in household heating/cooking and primitive ironmaking industries.
Energy Transitions in Japan and China: Mine Closures, Rail Developments, and Energy Narratives by Tai Wei Lim