By Robert E Buswell

ISBN-10: 0028657209

ISBN-13: 9780028657202

This encyclopedia is a traditionally concentrated paintings that gives an creation to the doctrinal, moral, social and non secular rules that tell a few of the traditions of Buddhism and the adjustments they've got gone through over extra that 2500 years.

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The Buddha then reaches out his hand and calls the earth goddess, Bhudev , to bear witness to his past good deeds; the earth quakes, the goddess appears, and Mara and his ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BUDDHISM MAR armies flee. This episode, known as the Maravijaya, or “defeat of Mara,” became one of the most common modes of representing the Buddha in many parts of the Buddhist world, conveying as it does his defeat of the forces of temptation, lust, greed, avarice, torpor and sloth, and, ultimately, death itself.

For example, like the Vibhajyavadins, the Theravadins claim that thought in its fundamental state is pure, that there is no intermediate state (antarabhava) between rebirth states, that clear comprehension (abhisamaya) of the four noble truths occurs in a single moment, and that worthy ones (arhat) cannot retrogress from their level of religious attainment. Perhaps the most distinctive view adopted by the Theravadins is that of a fundamental and inactive state of mind (bhavan˙ ga), to which the mind returns after each discrete moment of thought, and by which one rebirth state is connected with the next.

In the case of the Sarvastivada school, these internal distinctions are clearly demarcated in their scholastic texts by the attribution of distinct doctrinal positions to Sarvastivada groups of different regions. CANON Intragroup differences within the Sarvastivada school also may have led directly to the emergence of a Mulasarvastivada school, whose separate monastic disciplinary code survives in Sanskrit, and to whom can probably be attributed other assorted sutra dialogues and miscellaneous texts preserved in Chinese translation.

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Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Vol. II, M-Z by Robert E Buswell

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