By B. H. Walley (auth.)
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V) Public authority collection and spending of revenue: (vi) Personal income and expenditure: mcome: grants from public authorities rents, dividends and interest income from self-employment armed forces' pay wages and salaries expenditure: national insurance (health and welfare) taxes on incomes saving consumer expenditure. (vii) Consumer expenditure: food alcoholic drink tobacco housing fuel clothing gas other durable goods. (viii) Inflation and price movements: a. general inflation b. price movement in: rates and taxes commodities (raw materials) world prices consumer pnces c.
5 SOME FACTORS WHICH MAY HELP TO ESTABLISH QUANTI FlED OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Achievements of similar companies. Desires of shareholders. Need for cash flow for capital expenditure. Compound growth rates. Improvement in past company performance. Industrial performance. National economic trends. Inflation. Need to do better than competitors. 6 STEPS IN OBJECTIVE SETTING The following steps should be followed. 1. Define the company's business so that it helps in deciding between all the trade-offs.
Investment in 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. manufacturing industry generally chemicals electronics public transport local authorities houses - public and private roads vehicles, ships and aircraft new buildings' not included m 1-8 (general construction) 10. distribution 11. agriculture 12. gas, electricity, water plus any other industry in which the company has an interest. 38 Major Problem Finding and General Analysis (iv) Savings a. personal b. companies c. public corporations d. central government.
Efficiency Auditing by B. H. Walley (auth.)