By Franklyn A. Turbak, David K. Gifford
Choice awesome educational identify, 2009. countless numbers of programming languages are in use today—scripting languages for net trade, person interface programming instruments, spreadsheet macros, web page layout specification languages, etc. Designing a programming language is a metaprogramming task that bears yes similarities to programming in a customary language, with readability and ease much more vital than in usual programming. This entire textual content makes use of an easy and concise framework to educate key rules in programming language layout and implementation. The book's special approach is predicated on a relatives of syntactically uncomplicated pedagogical languages that permit scholars to discover programming language suggestions systematically. It takes as its premise and start line the concept while language behaviors turn into quite advanced, the outline of the behaviors has to be enormously basic. The booklet provides a suite of instruments (a mathematical metalanguage, summary syntax, operational and denotational semantics) and makes use of it to discover a entire set of programming language layout dimensions, together with dynamic semantics (naming, kingdom, regulate, data), static semantics (types, style reconstruction, polymporphism, effects), and pragmatics (compilation, rubbish collection). the numerous examples and workouts supply scholars possibilities to use the foundational rules defined within the textual content. really good subject matters and code that implements the various algorithms and compilation equipment within the booklet are available at the book's website, besides such extra fabric as a piece on concurrency and proofs of the theorems within the textual content. The booklet is acceptable as a textual content for an introductory graduate or complex undergraduate programming languages path; it could actually additionally function a reference for researchers and practitioners.
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Additional info for Design Concepts in Programming Languages
Postfix 0 (5 6 lt) (2 3 add) 4 sel exec) j. 2 a. What function of its argument does the following PostFix program calculate? (postfix 1 ((3 nget swap exec) (2 mul swap exec) swap) (5 sub) swap exec exec) b. Write a simpler PostFix program that performs the same calculation. 3 Recall that executable sequences are eﬀectively subroutines that, when invoked (by the exec command), take their arguments from the top of the stack. Write executable sequences that compute the following logical operations.
In order to automatically reclaim memory in a type-safe way, the run-time system for executing the low-level code generated by the compiler uses garbage collection, a topic that is explored in Chapter 18. While we will emphasize formal tools throughout this book, we do not imply that formal tools are a panacea or that formal approaches are superior to informal ones in an absolute sense. In fact, informal explanations of language features are usually the simplest way to learn about a language. In addition, it’s very easy for formal approaches to get out of control, to the point where they are overly obscure, or require too much mathematical machinery to be of any practical use on a day-to-day basis.
How would we go about proving this property based on the informal description? Natural language does not provide any rigorous framework for reasoning about programs or programming languages. Without the aid of some formal reasoning tools, we can only give hand-waving arguments that are not likely to be very convincing. Or suppose that we wish to extend PostFix with features that make it easier to use. For example, it would be nice to name values, to collect values into arrays, to query the user for input, and to loop over sequences of values.
Design Concepts in Programming Languages by Franklyn A. Turbak, David K. Gifford