By Piet Konings, Dick Foeken
Every now and then of financial and political predicament in Sub-Saharan Africa, city dwellers show a wide measure of creativity of their survival suggestions via constructing social networks and developing imaginitive and unique practices and concepts. This quantity perspectives the city neighbourhood from diversified views and explores the significance of those artistic procedures. the 1st strategy considers the neighbourhood as a geographical area during which individuals are engaged in quite a few actions to increase their fabric and immaterial health, employing their ‘wealth’ of possibilities, resources and numerous types of average, actual, monetary, human and social ‘capital’. the second one attitude sees the neighbourhood as no longer inevitably geographically situated or bounded yet as having been created and outlined by way of humans. those neighbourhoods may possibly tackle the shape of self-help businesses, institutions or church buildings, or could be according to gender, generational, ethnic or occupational identities. because the contributions from everywhere Sub-Saharan Africa convey, the 2 methods don't inevitably exclude one another.
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Extra resources for Crisis And Creativity: Exploring the Wealth of the African Neighbourhood
Kaag, M. 2004, ‘Ways Forward in Livelihood Research’, in: D. Kalb, W. Pantsers & H. Siebers (eds), Globalization and Development. Themes and Concepts in Current Research, Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 49-74. Kanji, N. 1995, ‘Gender, Poverty and Economic Adjustment in Harare, Zimbabwe’, Environment and Urbanization 7 (1): 37-55. Surviving in Nakuru, Kenya 45 Kenya, Government of 1970, Kenya Population Census 1969, Vol. 1, Nairobi: Government Printer. Kenya, Government of 2000, Economic Survey 2000, Nairobi: Government Printer.
The vegetables, which did better than the maize, were harvested directly from the shamba on an almost daily basis. Some of the produce was also sold to neighbours and other customers. Mary explained that she was forced to stop her crop-cultivating activities in the municipality by 1993 because of a lack of plots to rent and the high rents demanded for those that were available. Most of the plots she had rented had been taken over by the owners for development purposes. Furthermore, there was constant harassment from the local authorities who slashed crops, especially those of off-plot cultivators.
Their chances of finding a job in the state bureaucracy or the formal ‘Bendskin’ drivers in Douala 47 sector have undeniably been drastically reduced by economic liberalization and state withdrawal from the economy. While this has undoubtedly largely circumvented their range of possibilities for securing a sustainable livelihood (Jua 2003), it would nevertheless be an exaggeration to refer to today’s youth as a ‘lost’ or ‘abandoned’ generation (Cruise O’Brien 1996). Faced with dramatic changes in the Cameroonian labour market, young people have adopted a variety of livelihood strategies, varying from those with a long history in their neighbourhood to recent imaginative innovations.
Crisis And Creativity: Exploring the Wealth of the African Neighbourhood by Piet Konings, Dick Foeken