By Grady McWhiney
Cracker Culture is a provocative learn of social existence within the outdated South that probes the beginning of cultural modifications among the South and the North all through American heritage. between Scotch-Irish settlers the time period “Cracker” in the beginning targeted an individual who boasted, yet in American utilization the be aware has come to designate negative whites. McWhiney makes use of the time period to outline tradition instead of to indicate an fiscal situation. even though all negative whites have been Crackers, now not all Crackers have been bad whites; either, in spite of the fact that, have been Southerners.
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Additional info for Cracker Culture: Celtic Ways in the Old South
Baltimore, 19631, xii, passim; James Horn, "Servant Emigration to the Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century," in The Chesa· peake in the Seventeenth Century: Essays on Anglo·American Society, ed. Thaddeus W. Tate and David L. Ammerman IChapel Hill, 19791, 51-95, esp. the maps on 67 and 71; and David Grayson Allen, In English Ways: The Movement of Societies and the Transferal of English Local Law and Custom to Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century IChapel Hill, 19811. 8-9,17,245-90. 12.
14 And yet another scholar estimates that in 1790 Irish settlers constituted 25 percent of the population of South Carolina and 27 percent of that of GeorgiaY The Irish presence in the South has been overlooked by historians who have assumed incorrectly that during the colonial period of American settlement all natives of Ireland outside Ulster were devout Catholics. "The passionate and exemplary attachment of the Irish nation to the Catholic faith dates from a later time," wrote a distinguished Irish historian about the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; "the real contest was between Englishmen and Irishmen rather than Protestants and Catholics.
Bridenbaugh, Myths and Realities, 124-33; Ian C. C. , 19s61, 2S, 38-42; Robert J. Dickson, Ulster Emigration to Colonial America, 17 I 8I77slLondon, 19661_ Dickson takes considerable pains to disprove the claim of Michael J. y: Ireland's Part in America's Struggle for Liberty [New York, 19191 and in "Shipping Statistics of the Philadelphia Customs House, 1773 to 1774, Refute the Scotch-Irish Theory," American-Irish Historical Society Journal [192311 that ISO,OOO emigrants left Ireland for America in the early 1700S and that two-thirds of these were Catholic Irish.
Cracker Culture: Celtic Ways in the Old South by Grady McWhiney