By Grady McWhiney

ISBN-10: 0817304584

ISBN-13: 9780817304584

Cracker Culture is a provocative learn of social existence within the outdated South that probes the beginning of cultural modifications among the South and the North all through American heritage. between Scotch-Irish settlers the time period “Cracker” in the beginning targeted an individual who boasted, yet in American utilization the be aware has come to designate negative whites. McWhiney makes use of the time period to outline tradition instead of to indicate an fiscal situation. even though all negative whites have been Crackers, now not all Crackers have been bad whites; either, in spite of the fact that, have been Southerners.

The writer insists that Southerners and Northerners have been by no means alike. American colonists who settled south and west of Pennsylvania in the course of the seventeenth and 18th centuries have been frequently from the “Celtic fringe” of the British Isles. The tradition that those humans retained within the New global bills in huge degree for the adaptation among them and the Yankees of recent England, such a lot of whom originated within the lowlands of the southeastern 1/2 the island of england. From their strong base within the southern backcountry, Celts and their “Cracker” descendants swept westward in the course of the antebellum interval till that they had validated themselves and their practices around the previous South. uncomplicated between these practices that decided their conventional folkways, values, norms, and attitudes used to be the herding of cattle at the open diversity, unlike the combined agriculture that used to be the norm either in southeastern Britain and in New England. The Celts dropped at the previous South leisurely ways in which fostered idleness and gaiety. Like their Celtic ancestors, Southerners have been traditionally violent; they scorned pacifism; they thought of fights and duels honorable and regularly overlooked legislation designed to manage their activities. additionally, relations and kinship have been even more vital in Celtic Britain and the antebellum South than in England and the Northern usa. primary alterations among Southerners and Northerners formed the process antebellum American historical past; their clash within the 1860s was once now not rather a lot brother opposed to brother as tradition opposed to culture.

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Baltimore, 19631, xii, passim; James Horn, "Servant Emigration to the Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century," in The Chesa· peake in the Seventeenth Century: Essays on Anglo·American Society, ed. Thaddeus W. Tate and David L. Ammerman IChapel Hill, 19791, 51-95, esp. the maps on 67 and 71; and David Grayson Allen, In English Ways: The Movement of Societies and the Transferal of English Local Law and Custom to Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth Century IChapel Hill, 19811. 8-9,17,245-90. 12.

14 And yet another scholar estimates that in 1790 Irish settlers constituted 25 percent of the population of South Carolina and 27 percent of that of GeorgiaY The Irish presence in the South has been overlooked by historians who have assumed incorrectly that during the colonial period of American settlement all natives of Ireland outside Ulster were devout Catholics. "The passionate and exemplary attachment of the Irish nation to the Catholic faith dates from a later time," wrote a distinguished Irish historian about the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; "the real contest was between Englishmen and Irishmen rather than Protestants and Catholics.

Bridenbaugh, Myths and Realities, 124-33; Ian C. C. , 19s61, 2S, 38-42; Robert J. Dickson, Ulster Emigration to Colonial America, 17 I 8I77slLondon, 19661_ Dickson takes considerable pains to disprove the claim of Michael J. y: Ireland's Part in America's Struggle for Liberty [New York, 19191 and in "Shipping Statistics of the Philadelphia Customs House, 1773 to 1774, Refute the Scotch-Irish Theory," American-Irish Historical Society Journal [192311 that ISO,OOO emigrants left Ireland for America in the early 1700S and that two-thirds of these were Catholic Irish.

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Cracker Culture: Celtic Ways in the Old South by Grady McWhiney


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