By Mark Lundstrom, H.-S. Philip Wong (auth.), Mihail C. Roco, William S. Bainbridge, Bruce Tonn, George Whitesides (eds.)
This quantity goals to record an important around the world accomplishments in converging wisdom and know-how, together with converging systems, tools of convergence, societal implications, and governance within the final ten years. Convergence in wisdom, know-how, and society is the accelerating, transformative interplay between likely specified clinical disciplines, applied sciences, and groups to accomplish mutual compatibility, synergism, and integration, and during this approach to create extra price for societal gain. it's a circulate that's famous via scientists and proposal leaders world wide as having the capability to supply far-reaching options to a lot of today’s complicated wisdom, know-how, and human improvement demanding situations. 4 crucial and interdependent convergence structures of human job are outlined within the first a part of this record: nanotechnology-biotechnology-information know-how and cognitive technology (“NBIC”) foundational instruments; Earth-scale environmental platforms; human-scale actions; and convergence tools for societal-scale actions. The record then provides the most implications of convergence for human actual power, cognition and conversation, productiveness and societal results, schooling and actual infrastructure, sustainability, and cutting edge and in charge governance. As a complete, the document provides a brand new version for convergence. To successfully reap the benefits of this strength, a proactive governance strategy is advised. The research identifies a world chance to improve and follow convergence for technological, monetary, environmental, and societal merits. The panel additionally indicates a chance within the usa for imposing a application geared toward focusing disparate R and D energies right into a coherent task - a "Societal Convergence Initiative”. This examine acquired enter from top educational, undefined, executive, and NGO specialists from the U.S., Latin the US, Europe, Asia, and Australia.
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Additional info for Convergence of Knowledge, Technology and Society: Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio-Info-Cognitive Technologies
The envisioned benefits of convergence suggested above can be brought to life through a CKTS Initiative. 2); (c) establishment of higher-level (multidomain, convergent) languages in planning and management; and (d) vision-inspired basic research and grand challenges enabled by convergence; furthermore, (e) it would be beneficial to channel public and private efforts that are now contributing to de facto, unmanaged convergence of knowledge, technology and society into a proactive, systematic approach that can focus disparate energies into a coherent activity that distills the best of our knowledge and abilities to the greater good of the national and global human communities.
There are clear signs that problems are endemic in the current system, xlvi Overview and Recommendations as illustrated by the public controversies about climate change, healthcare, and national defense investments, all of which have substantial science and engineering components. The social sciences will have a crucial role to play, but perhaps not a role that has been traditionally scripted for them. Fundamental reconceptualization may be needed. For example, it is easy to say that social scientists should conduct intensive, diverse, but coordinated studies of the second-order implications of new technologies, to identify both unexpected positive benefits that need to be exploited and unintended negative effects that need to be avoided.
1 Key Attributes The first phase of NBIC convergence integrated foundational, emerging technologies that are defined from elementary components and interact at all scales and levels of complexity. CKTS builds on that foundation to achieve integrated knowledge and capability across all fields of science and engineering, based on common convergence platforms and concepts, to achieve societal benefits. The core ideas are that CKTS: • Advances an integrative approach across human dimensions, encompassing value systems, operating at societal and global scales, while remaining valuable for each individual person • Is based on the material unity at the nanoscale, integrated systems, and information universes, connected via human behavior and other integrators • Is best facilitated by a holistic approach with shared methodologies, theories, and goals, which is quite different from traditional forms of collaboration in which a division of labor separates disciplines from each other • Renews the focus on people’s capabilities and human outcomes, rather than allowing decisions to be technology-driven, and seeks to transcend existing human conflicts to achieve vastly improved conditions for work, learning, aging, physical and cognitive wellness, and to achieve shared human goals 6 The Convergence–Divergence Evolution Process In this report, the convergence process is defined as the escalating and transformative interactions among seemingly different disciplines, technologies, and communities to achieve mutual compatibility, synergism, and integration, and thus to create added value to meet shared goals.
Convergence of Knowledge, Technology and Society: Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio-Info-Cognitive Technologies by Mark Lundstrom, H.-S. Philip Wong (auth.), Mihail C. Roco, William S. Bainbridge, Bruce Tonn, George Whitesides (eds.)