By Caroline O. N. Moser
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Extra resources for Confronting Crisis: A Comparative Study of Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability in Four Poor Urban Communities (Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series)
10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Intrahousehold Decisionmaking on Food Expenditure in the Research Communities, 1992 95 Page vii FOREWORD Poverty statistics are people with the tears wiped off. This volume describes a study that forces analysts to look beneath the statisticsto recognize the real misery of the poor and to appreciate the grit, the courage, and the determination that they bring to the endless challenge of survival. It restores the reality that we all know, yet that is conveniently airbrushed away when we talk in the averages of macro-economic statistics.
Finally, very special thanks are due to Ismail Serageldin, Michael Cohen, Louis Pouliquen, and Peter Sollis for supporting this project through completion. Thanks also are due to Mary Abuzeid, Tania Hollestelle, Laurel Morais, and Julie Harris in the production, and Alison Strong, Alicia Hetzner, and Virginia Hitchcock in the editing, of this volume. Tomoko Hirata designed the cover. Page 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY How do poor households respond when incomes decline, jobs are increasingly scarce, and spending on food and services increases?
Men's employment has declined somewhat in Chawama, however, because of formal sector contraction, and in Angyalföld it has declined because of the dismantling of insolvent state-owned enterprises. But the most important change has been in the contractual nature of work, as secure wage employment has decreased and casual labor has increased. Although these changes have created more flexible labor markets, they have also led to growing insecurity for many male workers. Differences among the communities in employment opportunities have led to different household strategies for coping with changing labor demand.
Confronting Crisis: A Comparative Study of Household Responses to Poverty and Vulnerability in Four Poor Urban Communities (Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies and Monographs Series) by Caroline O. N. Moser